Advertisement

Congenital jejuno-ileal atresia and stenosis

  • S. Cywes
  • M. R. Q. Davies
  • H. Rode
Part of the Advances in the Study of Birth Defects book series (ASBD, volume 6)

Abstract

In 1911 P. Fockens1 of Rotterdam reported the first successfully treated case of small bowel atresia. However, up to 1952 the mortality of atresia of the small bowel remained prohibitive even at the best paediatric surgical centres in the world, viz. 84% at the Children’s Medical Center in Boston2 and 88% at the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street3 in London. Indeed, in a comprehensive review of the world’s literature up to 1950, Evans4 could find reports of only 39 cases of jejuno-ileal atresia that had been successfully treated.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Fockens, P. (1911). Ein operativ geheilter Fall von Kongenitaler Dündarmatresie. Zentralbl. Chir., 38, 532Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ladd, W. E. and Gross, R. E. (1941). Abdominal Surgery in Infancy and Childhood. (Philadelphia: Saunders)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Louw, J. H. (1952). Congenital intestinal atresia and severe stenosis in the newborn. S. Afr. J. Clin. Sci., 3, 109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Evans, C. H. (1951). Atresias of the gastrointestinal tract. Int. Abstr. Surg., 92, 1PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tandler, J. (1900). Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des menschlichen Duodenum frühen Embryonalstadien. Morphol. Jahrb., 109, 187Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Louw, J. H. and Barnard, C. N. (1955). Congenital intestinal atresia. Lancet, 2, 1065CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Blanc, W. A. and Silver, L. A. (1962). Intrauterine abdominal surgery in the rabbit foetus: Production of intestinal atresia. Am. J. Dis. Child., 104, 118Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tsujimoto, K., Sherman, F. E. and Ravitch, M. M. (1972). Experimental intestinal atresia in the rabbit fetus. Sequential pathological studies. Johns Hopkins Med. J., 131, 287PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Abrams, J. S. (1968). Experimental intestinal atresia. Surgery, 64, 185PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tibboel, D., Molenaar, J. C. and Nie, C. J. (1979). New perspectives in fetal surgery: The chicken embryo. J. Pediatr. Surg., 14, 438CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Louw, J. H. (1966). Jejunoileal atresia and stenosis. J. Pediatr. Surg., 1, 8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Louw, J. H. (1959). Congenital intestinal atresia and stenosis in the newborn. Observations on its pathogenesis and treatment. Ann. R. Coll. Surg. Engl., 25, 209PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Louw, J. H. (1967). Resection and end-to-end anastomosis in the management of atresia and stenosis of the small bowel. Surgery, 62, 940PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bland-Sutton, J. (1889). Imperforate ileum. Am. J. Med. Sci., 98, 457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Martin, L. W. and Zerella, J. T. (1976). Jejunoileal atresia: A proposed classification. J. Pediatr. Surg., 11, 399CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Touloukian, R. J. (1978). Intestinal atresia. Clin. Perinatal., 5, 3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Blythe, H. and Dickson, J. A. S. (1969). Apple peel syndrome (congenital intestinal atresia). A family of seven index patients. J. Med. Genet., 6, 275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Santulli, T. V. and Blanc, W. A. (1961). Congenital atresia of the intestine: Pathogenesis and treatment. Ann. Surg., 154, 939PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Duenhoelter, J. H., Santos-Ramos, R., Rosenfeld, C. R. et al. (1976). Prenatal diagnosis of gastrointestinal tract obstruction. Obstet. Gynecol., 47, 618PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lee, T. G. and Warren, B. H. (1977). Antenatal ultrasonic demonstration of fetal bowel. Radiology., 124, 471CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fogel, S. R., Katragadda, C. S. and Costin, B. S. (1980). New ultrasonographic finding in a case of fetal jejunal atresia. Texas Med., 76, 44Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mishalany, H. G. and Najjar, F. B. (1968). Familial jejunal atresia: Three cases in one family. J. Pediatr., 73, 753CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Garance, P. H., Blanchard, H., Collin, P. P. et al. (1973). Multiple atresias and a new syndrome of hereditary multiple atresias involving the gastrointestinal tract from stomach to rectum. J. Pediatr. Surg., 5, 633Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Délèze, G., Sidiropoulos, D. and Paumgartner, G. (1977). Determination of bile acid concentration in human amniotic fluid for prenatal diagnosis of intestinal obstruction. Pediatrics, 59, 647PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    De Lorimier, A. A., Fonkalsrud, E. W. and Hays, D. M. (1969). Congenital atresia and stenosis of the jejunum and ileum. Surgery, 65, 819Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Louw, J. H. (1970). The scientific method in surgery. Trans. Coll. Med. S. Afr., 14, 9Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cozzi, F. and Wilkinson, A. W. (1969). Intrauterine growth rate in relation to anorectal and oesophageal anomalies. Arch. Dis. Child., 44, 59CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Martin, C. E., Leonidas, J. C. and Armoury, R. A. (1976). Multiple gastrointestinal atresias, with intraluminal calcifications and cystic dilatation of bile ducts: A newly recognized entity resembling ‘a string of pearls’. Pediatrics, 57, 268PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Cremin, B. J., Cywes, S. and Louw, J. H. (1973). Radiological Diagnosis of Digestive Tract Disorders in the Newborn, p. 90. (London: Butterworths)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Reiquam, C. W., Allen, R. P. and Akers, D. R. (1965). Normal and abnormal small bowel lengths: An analysis of 389 autopsy cases in infants and children. Am. J. Dis. Child., 109, 447CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wilmore, D. W. (1972). Factors correlating with a successful outcome following extensive intestinal resection in newborn infants. J. Pediatr., 80, 88CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Reid, I. S. (1975). The significance of the ileocaecal valve in massive resection of the gut in puppies. J. Pediatr. Surg., 10, 507CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rickham, P. P. (1967). Massive small intestinal resection in newborn infants. Ann. R. Coll. Surg. Engl., 41, 480PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Nixon, H. H. (1955). Intestinal obstruction in the newborn. Arch. Dis. Child., 30, 13CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Thomas, C. G. (1969). Jejunoplasty for the correction of jejunal atresia. Surg. Gynecol. Obstet., 129, 545PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    El Shafie, M. and Rickham, P. P. (1970). Multiple intestinal atresia. J. Pediatr. Surg., 5, 655CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Wilkinson, A. W., Hughes, E. A. and Stevens, L. H. (1965). Neonatal duodenal obstruction: The influence of treatment on the metabolic effects of operation. Br. J. Surg., 52, 410CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Coln, D. and Cywes, S. (1977). Simultaneous drainage gastrostomy and feeding jejunostomy in the newborn. Surg. Gynecol. Obstet., 145, 594PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Forget, P. P., Fernandes, J. and Haverkampbegemann, P. (1975). Utilization of fat emulsion during total parenteral nutrition in children. Acta Paediatr. Scand., 64, 377CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Voitk, A. J., Echave, V., Brown, R. A. et al. (1973). Use of elemental diet during the adaptive stage of short gut syndrome. Gastroenterology, 65, 419PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Levine, G. M., Deren, J. J. and Yezdimir, E. (1976). Small bowel resection: oral intake is the stimulus for hyperplasia. Am. J. Dig. Dis., 21, 542CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Gas, N. and Noailliac-Depeyre, J. (1976). Studies on intestinal epithelium involution during prolonged fasting. J. Ultrastruct. Res., 56, 137CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© MTP Press Limited 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Cywes
  • M. R. Q. Davies
  • H. Rode

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations