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New developments in leukocyte Chemotaxis research: a survey

  • P. C. Wilkinson
Part of the Inflammation: Mechanisms and Treatment book series (FTIN, volume 4)

Abstract

A book such as this presents a suitable opportunity for appraisal of recent progress in the study of the locomotion and Chemotaxis of leukocytes, a study that has gained momentum during the past decade, but that has for many years fascinated biologists and medical scientists and will see its centenary during the 1980s1. Over the past few years there have been a number of major developments. Firstly, the locomotor reactions of leukocytes to chemoattractants are now defined with better precision than formerly. Both conceptually and in the laboratory, we can now distinguish Chemotaxis, as a reaction by which chemical substances determine the direction of leukocyte locomotion, from chemokinesis, as a reaction by which they determine its rate2. Since positive chemotactic reactions cause cells to accumulate, and positive chemokinetic reactions may cause them to disperse, the practical distinction between these two reactions is important. Secondly, these years have seen the definition of classes of binding sites on the leukocyte surface for various categories of chemotactic factors which are discussed below. Thirdly, a beginning has been made in explaining the process of transduction, by which binding of a chemotactic factor to the cell surface signals a locomotor event in the cell. The locomotor events themselves, which are mediated by microfilament systems consisting of actin and myosin, actin-binding protein and other related proteins, are not yet understood in detail at the molecular level3.

Keywords

Human Neutrophil Chemotactic Factor Chemotactic Response Hexose Monophosphate Chemotactic Peptide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MTP Press Limited 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. C. Wilkinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Scotland

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