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Commission de la Luminescence du Ciel

  • Franklin E. Roach
Conference paper
Part of the International Astronomical Union Transactions book series (IAUT, volume 13B)

Abstract

Included in this draft report are discussions of papers on the night airglow and the twilight glow. Because of the fact that Commission 21 in collaboration with Commission 22 is sponsoring a colloquium in Honolulu on the Zodiacal Light and the Interplanetary Medium from 28 January to 2 February 1967, (one month after this draft report is due) it is planned to postpone definitive discussion of the zodiacal light, gegenschein and the integrated starlight until the time of the general assembly. We are omitting general discussion of the aurora except for some low and mid-latitude phenomena which have both airglow and auroral characteristics. Research reports based on work done in the Soviet Union have been reviewed by N. N. Shefov. His resumé is included as a part of the present report.

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Bibliographie

A. Airglow, General

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C. Mid-latitude stable auroral arcs

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D. Excitation of 6300 Å [O 1] by photoelectrons

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E. Nightglow variations, temporal and spatial

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F. Hydrogen airglow

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G. Aeronomy and excitation processes

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H. N 2 + in the nightglow

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I. Hydroxyl (OH) Nightglow

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J. Doppler temperatures

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    Hilliard, R. L., Shepherd, G. G. 1966, Upper atmospheric temperatures from Doppler line widths, IV. A detailed study using the [O I] 5577 Å auroral and nightglow emission, Planet. Space Sci., 14, 383.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Jarrett, A. H., Hoey, M. J., Paffrath, L. 1964, Observations of the 6300 Å O I emission of the nightglow with a pressure scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer, Planet. Space Sci., 12, 591.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Jarrett, A. H., Hoey, M. J. 1965, Temperature determinations of the Earth’s upper atmosphere by optical methods, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 288, 510.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Jarrett, A. H., Hoey, M. J. 1966, Observations of the 6300 Å O I nightglow emission, J. atmos. terr. Phys., 28, 175.ADSGoogle Scholar

K. Instrumentation and techniques

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    Best, G. T. 1965, A new use of the van Rhijn formula for airglow measurements, Planet Space Sci., 13, 855.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Blacker, H. V., Gadsden, M. 1966, On the calibration of airglow photometers, Planet. Space Sci., 14, 921.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Chiplonkar, M. W., Agashe, V. V., Tillu, A. D. 1966, Heights of the airglow emission layers at Poona, Indian J. Meteorology Geophys., 17, 95.Google Scholar
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    Dumont, R. 1965, Séparation des composantes atmosphérique, interplanétaire et stellaire du ciel nocturne à 5000 Å A. Application à la photométrie de la lumière zodiacale et du gegenschein, Ann. Astrophys., 28, 265.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Kulkarni, P. V., Sanders, C. L. 1964, Use of a radioactivated light source for the absolute calibration of two-colour night airglow photometer, Planet. Space Sci., 12, 189.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Wolff, M. M. 1966, A new attack on height measurement of the nightglow by ground triangulation, J. geophys. Res., 71, 2743.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Wolff, M. M., Garmil, J. Summary: Measurements have been made of the height of the 5577 Å nightglow layer using a new method of ground-based triangulation. The theory of the method is discussed and results compared with other methods. Average height obtained was 97 ± 3 kilometers, in preparation.Google Scholar
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    Pertinent papers by Soviet authors: Shefov’s list, no. 26, 28.Google Scholar

L. Rocket and satellite observations

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    Gillett, F. C., Huch, W. F., Ney, E. P., Cooper, G. 1964, Photographic observations of the airglow layer, J. geophys. Res., 69, 2827.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Gulledge, I. S., Packer, D. M., Tilford, S. G. 1966, Rocket measurements of the high altitude [O 1] 5577 Å and 6300 Å night airglow, Trans. Am. geophys. Un., 47, 74.Google Scholar
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    Hennes, J. P. 1966, Measurement of the ultraviolet nightglow spectrum, J. geophys. Res., 71, 763.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Hennes, J. P., Dunkelman, L. 1966, Photographic observations of nightglow from rockets, J. geophys. Res., 71, 755.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    NASA SP-6. Results of the second U.S. manned orbital space flight (24 May 1962 ). Chapter 4, pp. 35–42, Space Science Report by John A. O’Keefe. Chapter 7, pp. 69–75, Pilot’s flight report by M. Scott Carpenter.Google Scholar
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    NASA SP-12. Results of the third U.S. manned orbital space flight (3 October 1962 ). Chapter 4, pp. 37–48, Pilot’s flight report by Walter M. Schirra, Jr.Google Scholar
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    NASA SP-45. Mercury project summary including results of the fourth manned orbital flight (15–16 May 1963 ). Chapter 19, pp. 327–347, Observations of space phenomena by John A. O’Keefe, L. Dunkelman, S. D. Soules and P. D. Lowman, Jr. Chapter 20, pp. 349–358, Astronaut’s summary flight report by L. Gordon Cooper.Google Scholar
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    NASA. Manned Space Flight Experiments Symposium, Gemini Missions 3 and 4 (18–19 October 1965). Chapter 1, pp. 1–18, Geo-astronomical observations by L. Dunkelman, J. R. Gill, J. A. McDivitt, F. E. Roach, and E. H. White II. Gemini 3 -Gemini 4 - 3–7 June 1965.Google Scholar
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    NASA SP-121. Gemini Midprogram Conference (23–25 February 1966 ). (32) Geoastronomical observations, pp. 315–323, by F. E. Roach, L. Dunkelman, J. R. Gill, R. D. Mercer. (33) Dim light photography, pp. 325–328, by L. Dunkelman, and R. D. Mercer.Google Scholar
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    NASA report dated 1 November 1966. Interim report, Gemini 9 mission. Experiment S-I Zodiacal light photography by E. P. Ney and W. F. Huch, pp. 1–6. Experiment S-II Airglow horizon photography by M. J. Koomen and R. T. Seal, Jr.Google Scholar
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    O’Brien, B. J., Allum, F. R., Goldwire, H. C. 1965, Rocket measurements of midlatitude airglow and particle precipitation, J. geophys. Res., 70, 161.ADSGoogle Scholar
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    Reed, E. I., Blamont, J. R. 1966, Some results concerning the principal airglow lines as measured from the OGO-II satellite, NASA X-613-66-190.Google Scholar
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M. Twilight glow

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    Gadsden, M. 1967, Twilight observations (Review paper with 22 references to papers in this field since 1964), Aurora and Airglow, Reinhold, p. 109.Google Scholar
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    Hunten, D. M. 1967, Spectroscopic studies of the twilight airglow (Review paper with 60 references to papers in this field and dayglow since 1964), Space Sci. Rev., 6, 493.ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pertinent papers by Soviet authors: Shefov’s list, no. 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43.Google Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1967

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franklin E. Roach
    • 1
  1. 1.Environmental Science Services AdministrationBoulderUSA

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