Fluorescence from Upper Excited Singlet States

  • Urs P. Wild
Conference paper
Part of the The Jerusalem Symposia on Quantum Chemistry and Biochemistry book series (JSQC, volume 10)


Fluorescence from upper excited singlet states in large organic molecules has been considered until recently as a rare and unusual phenomenon. The best known exception to the famous Kasha rule - “Only the lowest excited state of a given multiplicity emits” - has been azulene.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    B. Nickel, Chem. Phys. Letters 27, 84 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Urs P. Wild, Hans J. Griesser, Vo Dinh Tuan and Jean F.M. Oth, Chem. Phys. Letters 41, 450 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Hans J. Griesser and Urs P. Wild, to be published.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    P.M. Rentzepis, J. Jortner and R. P. Jones, Chem. Phys. Letters 4, 599 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Gregory D. Gillespie and E. C. Lim, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 4314 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    P. A.M. Van den Bogaardt, R. P.H. Rettschnick and J. D. W. Van Voorst, Chem. Phys. Letters 18, 351 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Alfred R. Holzwarth, K. Razi Naqvi and Urs P. Wild, Chem. Phys. Letters 46, 473 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    A. Warshel and M. Levitt, QCFF/PI: QCPE 247, Quantum Chemistry Program Exchange, Indiana University (1974)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Erik W. Thulstrup, Josef Michl and Christian Jutz, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. II 9, 1618 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Urs P. Wild
    • 1
  1. 1.Physical Chemistry LaboratorySwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyZürichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations