Influence of 3-Substitution on Excited State Properties of Indole in Aqueous Solutions

  • Gilbert Laustriat
  • Dominique Gerard
  • Claude Hasselmann
Conference paper
Part of the The Jerusalem Symposia on Quantum Chemistry and Biochemistry book series (JSQC, volume 10)


Considerable attention has been paid to the excited states of the indole ring in the past two decades, since as, the aromatic moiety of tryptophan, it is the major near-ultraviolet chromophore of proteins where it can play the role of a fluorescent probe. Nevertheless photophysical and photochemical properties of indole are rather particular and remain largely unelucidated (Longworth, 1971).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bazin, M., Hasselmann, C., Laustriat, G., Santus, R. and Walrant, P. (1975) Chem. Phys. Lett. 36, 505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bent, R. and Hayon, E. (1975) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97, 2612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bernardin, J.E. (1970) Ph. D. Thesis, University of Oregon.Google Scholar
  4. Chen, R.F. (1967) Anal. Lett. 1 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dross, C. (1976) Thèse (Pharmacie), Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg.Google Scholar
  6. Eisinger, J. and Navon, G. (1969) J. Chem. Phys. 50, 2069.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Evans, R.F., Ghiron, C.A., Volkert, W.A. and Kuntz, R.R. (1976) Chem. Phys. Lett. 42, 43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Feitelson, J. (1971) Photochem. Photobiol. 13, 87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Grossweiner, L.J. and Joschek, H.J. (1965) Advan. Chem. Ser. n° 50, p. 279, American Chemical Society, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  10. Hasselmann, C. (1976) Thèse Doct. Sci., Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg.Google Scholar
  11. Hatchard, C.G. and Parker, C.A. (1956) Proc. Roy. Soc. A 235, 518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Konev, S.V. (1967) Fluorescence and Phosphorescence of Proteins and Nucleic Acids, Plenum Press, New-York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Longworth, J.W. (1971) in Excited States of Proteins and Nucleic Acids (Ed. Steiner, R.F. and Weinryb, I.), Plenum Press, New-York, p. 319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mataga, N., Torihashi, Y. and Ezumi, K. (1964) Theoret. Chim. Acta 2, 158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pfeffer, G., Lami, H., Laustriat, G. and Coche, A. (1963) Colloque International d’Electronique Nucléaire de Paris, p. 93.Google Scholar
  16. Ricci, R.W. (1970) Photochem. Photobiol. 12, 67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Schang, J. (1975) Thèse (Pharmacie), Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg.Google Scholar
  18. Song, P.S. and Kurtin, W.E. (1969) Photochem. Photobiol. 9, 175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Steen, H.B. (1974) J. Chem. Phys. 61, 3997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Strickland, E.H. and Billups, C. (1973) Biopolymers 12, 1989. Stryer, L. 1966 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 88, 5708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sun, M. and Song, P.S. (1977) Photochem. Photobiol. 25, 3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Tinoco, I., Halpern, A. and Simpson, W.T. (1962) Polyamino acids Polypeptides and Proteins, Univ. Wisconsin, Press Madison, p. 147.Google Scholar
  23. Tournon, J., Kuntz, E. and El-Bayoumi M.A. (1972) Photochem. Photobiol. 16, 425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Valeur, B. and Weber, G. (1977) Photochem. Photobiol., in press.Google Scholar
  25. Van der Donckt, E. (1969) Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg. 78, 69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Walker, M.S., Bednar, T.W. and Lumry, R.W. (1966) J. Chem. Phys. 45, 3455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Walker, M.S., Bednar, T.W. and Lumry, R.W. (1967) J. Chem. Phys. 47, 1020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilbert Laustriat
    • 1
  • Dominique Gerard
    • 1
  • Claude Hasselmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique de la Faculté de Pharmacie, Equipe de recherche associée au CNRS (ERA 551)Université Louis PasteurStrasbourg CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations