Urinary Calculi

  • R. B. Brown


Almost all calculi are composed of urinary waste products such as calcium oxalate, ammonium magnesium phosphate or uric acid; less than 0.1% contain, in addition, constituents such as haematin, fibrin, bilirubin and sulphonamide. As the vast majority of calculi contain calcium they are radio-opaque, to a degree dependent upon the percentage of calcium present.


Calcium Oxalate Renal Calculus Renal Tubular Acidosis Renal Colic Urinary Calculus 
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Further Reading

  1. Blandy, J.P.: The management of renal calculi. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 48: 159 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
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  4. Wickham, J.E.A.: Urinary Calculus Disease, ( Churchill Livingstone, London 1979 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ADIS Press 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Brown
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Urology UnitAlfred HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Royal Australian NavyAustralia

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