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Urinary Calculi

  • R. B. Brown

Abstract

Almost all calculi are composed of urinary waste products such as calcium oxalate, ammonium magnesium phosphate or uric acid; less than 0.1% contain, in addition, constituents such as haematin, fibrin, bilirubin and sulphonamide. As the vast majority of calculi contain calcium they are radio-opaque, to a degree dependent upon the percentage of calcium present.

Keywords

Calcium Oxalate Renal Calculus Renal Tubular Acidosis Renal Colic Urinary Calculus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Further Reading

  1. Blandy, J.P.: The management of renal calculi. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 48: 159 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
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  3. Pyrah, L.N.: Renal Calculus ( Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1979 ).Google Scholar
  4. Wickham, J.E.A.: Urinary Calculus Disease, ( Churchill Livingstone, London 1979 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ADIS Press 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Brown
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Urology UnitAlfred HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Royal Australian NavyAustralia

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