Advertisement

Infection and Dysuria

  • R. B. Brown

Abstract

Urinary tract infections are common and result from a variety of causes but many patients, particularly children, present with symptoms and signs of infection although subsequent investigation reveals a sterile urine. The cause of the infection, or the symptoms and signs of infection, must be determined if treatment is to be successful.

Keywords

Urinary Tract Infection Interstitial Cystitis Vesicoureteric Reflux Chronic Prostatitis Asymptomatic Bacteriuria 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson, E.E.; Cobb, O.E. and Glenn, J.F.: Cyclophosphamide haemorrhagic cystitis. Journal of Urology 97: 857 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Badenoch, A.W.: Chronic interstitial cystitis. British Journal of Urology 43: 718 (1971).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bailey, H.: Cyctitis emphysematosa. American Journal of Roentgenology 86: 850 (1961).Google Scholar
  4. Bailey, R.R.: Single dose antibacterial treatment for uncomplicated urinary tract infections. Drugs 17: 219 (1979).Google Scholar
  5. Blackledge, D.: A simple operation for postcoital urethrotrigonitis in women. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 19: 123 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown, R.B.: A method of management of inoperable carcinoma of the bladder. Medical Journal of Australia 1: 23 (1969).Google Scholar
  7. Burdon, S.W.: Immunoglobulins in the urinary tract; in Brumfitt and Asscher (Eds) Urinary Tract Infection, p. 148 ( Oxford, London 1973 ).Google Scholar
  8. Campbell, I.A.: British thoracic and tuberculosis association review. Tubercle 4: 48 (1974).Google Scholar
  9. Cooper, H.G. and Robinson, E.G.: Treatment of genitourinary tuberculosis: report after 24 years. Journal of Urology 108: 136 (1972).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Cox, C.E.: The urethra and its relationship to urinary tract infection: the flora of the normal female urethra. Southern Medical Journal 59: 621 (1966).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cox, C.E. and Hinman, F. Jr.: Experiments with induced bacteriuria, vesical emptying and bacterial growth in the mechanism of bladder defence to infection. Journal of Urology 86: 739 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Davis, D.M.: Intubated ureterotomy. Journal of Urology 66: 71 (1951).Google Scholar
  13. Dawborn, J.K.; Fairley, K.F.; Kincaid-Smith, P. and King, W.E.: The association of peptic ulceration, chronic renal disease and analgesic abuse. Quarterly Journal of Medicine 59: 69 (1966).Google Scholar
  14. Doyle, P.T. Abercrombie, G.F.; Jenkins, J.D.; Svarkt, C. J. and Vinnicombe, J.: Abacterial cystitis. British Journal of Urology 49: 647 (1977).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. El-Badawi, A.A.: Bilharzial polypi of the urinary bladder. British Journal of Urology 44: 561 (1966).Google Scholar
  16. Fairley, K.F.; Bond, A.G.; Brown, R.B. and Habersberger, B.: Simple test to determine the site of urinary tract infections. Lancet 2: 7513 (1967).Google Scholar
  17. Gow, J.G.: Genitourinary tuberculosis; in Blandy (Ed) Urology, p. 226 ( Blackwell, Oxford 1976 ).Google Scholar
  18. Granato, J.J.; Cross, P.M. and Stamey, T.A.: Trimethoprim diffusion into prostatic and salivary secretions of the dog. Investigative Urology 11: 205 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Hanley, H.G.: Cavernotomy and partial nephrectomy in renal tuberculosis. British Journal of Urology 42: 661 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hatch, S. and Cockett, T.K.: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Journal of Urology 92: 585 (1974).Google Scholar
  21. Hodson, C.J.: Discussion on pyelonephritis. The radiological diagnosis of pyelonephritis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 52: 669 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Kass, E.H.: Asymptomatic infection of the urinary tract. Transactions of the Association of American Physicians 69: 56 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Kass, E.H.: The role of asymptomatic bacteriuria in the pathogenesis of pyelonephritis; in Quinn and Kass (Eds) Biology of Pyelonephritis, p. 399 ( Little Brown, Boston 1960 ).Google Scholar
  24. Kaufman, D.B.: Katz, R. and Mcintosh, R.M.: Secretory IgA in urinary tract infections. British Medical Journal 4: 463 (1970).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kincaid-Smith, P. and Bullen, M.: Bacteriuria in pregnancy. Lancet 1: 395 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kunin, C.M.: Asymptomatic bacteriuria. American Review of Medicine 17: 383 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kunin, C.M. and Paquin, A.J.: Frequency and natural history of urinary tract infection in schoolchildren; in Kass (Ed) Progress in Pyelonephritis, p. 33 ( Davis, Philadelphia 1965 ).Google Scholar
  28. Letcher, H.G. and Matheson, N.M.: Encrustation of the bladder as a result of alkaline cystitis. British Journal of Surgery 23: 716 (1935).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Marsh, F.P.; Murray, M. and Panchamia, P.: The relationship between bacterial cultures of the vaginal in- troitus and urinary infection. British Journal of Urology 44: 368 (1972).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mayo, M.E. and Hinman, F.: Role of midurethral high pressure zone in spontaneous bacterial ascent. Journal of Urology 109: 268 (1973).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Medlar, E.M.; Spain, D.M. and Holliday, R.W.: Post mortem compared with clinical diagnosis of genito-urinary tuberculosis in adult males. Journal of Urology 61: 1078 (1949).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Melicow, M.M.: Malakoplakia: report of a case, review of the literature. Journal of Urology 78: 33 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Moore, T.: Sterile pyuria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 33: 593 (1940).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Norden, C.W.; Green, G.C. and Kass, E.H.: Antibacterial mechanisms of the urinary bladder. Journal of Clinical Investigation 47: 2689 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Norden, C.W. and Kass, E.H.: Bacteriuria of pregnancy: a critical appraisal. Annual Review of Medicine 19: 431 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. North, J.D.K. and Miller, T.E.: Effect of protein intake on bacterial growth in the kidney. Abstracts of the Third International Congress of Nephrology 2: 248 (1966).Google Scholar
  37. O’Flynn, J.D. and Mullaney, J.: Leukoplakia of the bladder — a report on 20 cases including 2 cases progressing to squamous cell carcinoma. British Journal of Urology 39: 461 (1967).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. O’Grady, F.W. and Cattell, W.R.: Kinetics of urinary tract infection. I. Upper urinary tract. British Journal of Urology 38: 149 (1966).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. O’Grady, F.W.; Gauci, C.L.; Watson, B.W. and Hammond, B.: In vitro models simulating conditions of growth in the urinary tract; in O’Grady and Brumfitt (Eds) Urinary Tract Infections, p.80 ( Oxford, London 1968 ).Google Scholar
  40. O’Grady, F.; Kelsey Fry, I.; McSherry, and A. Cattell, W.R.: Long-term treatment of persistent or recur-rent urinary tract infections with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Journal of Infectious Disease (Suppl.): 128: 652 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Pengelly, A.W.; Stephenson, T.P.; Milroy, E.J.G.; Whiteside, C.G. and Turner-Warwick, R.T.: Results of prolonged bladder distension as treatment for detrusor instability. British Journal of Urology 50: 243 (1978)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Polk, B.F.: Urinary tract infections in pregnancy. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology 22: 285 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Roberts, J.H.: Bubble bath cystitis. Journal of the American Medical Association 201: 207 (167).Google Scholar
  44. Shand, D.G.; Nimmon, C.C. and O’Grady, F.: Relation between residural urine volume and response to treatment. Lancet 2: 1305 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Shirley, S.W. and Mirelman, S.: Experience with colocystoplasties, ceocystoplasties and il- eocystoplasties in urologic surgery: 40 patients. Journal of Urology 120: 165 (1978).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Stamey, T.A.: Fair, W.R.; Timothy, M.M. and Chung, H.K.: Antibacterial nature of prostatic fluid. Nature 218: 444 (1968).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Stamey, T.A.; Govan, D.E. and Palmer, J.M.: The localisation and treatment of urinary tract infection. Medicine 44: 1 (1965).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Stamey, T.A.; Timothy, M.M.; Millar, M. and Mihara, G.: Recurrent urinary infection in adult women. California Medicine 115: 1 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Stephens, F.D.; Whitaker, J. and Hewstone, A.S.: True, false and sham urinary tract infection in children. Medical Journal of Australia 2: 840 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Wolin, L.H.: Voiding patterns in young healthy women. Journal of Urology 106: 923 (1971).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ADIS Press 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Brown
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Urology UnitAlfred HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Royal Australian NavyAustralia

Personalised recommendations