Non-penetrating road, industrial or sporting trauma accounts for most renal, bladder and urethral injuries but most ureteric injuries and some bladder and urethral injuries are caused by medical practitioners. Improvements in both equipment and techniques have meant that significant irradiation trauma is now uncommon.
KeywordsRenal Trauma Urethral Injury Bladder Rupture Subcapsular Haematoma Intravenous Pyelogram
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