An introduction to the optical, thermal and electrical properties of ice and snow

  • Dorothy K. Hall
  • Jaroslav Martinec


Remote sensing, defined as the measurement of properties of an object or feature on the Earth’s surface by an instrument that is not in direct physical contact with the object or feature, enables scientists to obtain information about ice and snow in visible, near-infrared, thermal infrared, microwave, and other wavelengths (Fig. 1.1). Surface, near-surface and deep, subsurface regions of ice and snow features can be analyzed using remote sensing techniques. In this chapter, the optical, thermal and microwave properties are briefly reviewed as they pertain to the remote sensing of ice and snow. More detailed descriptions of optical, thermal and electrical properties of ice and snow can be found in Hobbs (1974), Glen and Paren (1975) and ASP (1983).


Remote Sensing Liquid Water Content Passive Microwave Microwave Emission Microwave Property 
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Copyright information

© Chapman and Hall Ltd and J. Martinec 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dorothy K. Hall
  • Jaroslav Martinec

There are no affiliations available

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