Special Considerations in Histopathology and Cytology
Histopathology is based on the microscopical examination of tissue sections from surgical specimens, be they small biopsies or large and complex organ resectates, as for example the result of a Wertheim operation. In many respects histopathology assures the quality of other laboratory methods by confirming the presence of a tumour and more specifically the type of it. Although histopathology is one of the oldest disciplines in medicine, it has been closely following the developments in molecular biology and immunology with the introduction of such methods as DNA measurements and immunohistochemistry etc. Due to the vast base of knowledge in histopathology there has also been a need for extensive subspecializations.
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