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Photocatalysis with Colloidal Semiconductors and Polycrystalline Films

  • M. Grätzel
Chapter
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (ASIC, volume 237)

Abstract

The use of colloidal semiconductors as light harvesting units in photocatalytic reactions is discussed. A survey of the optical and electronic properties of small semiconductor particles is followed by the discussion of heterogeneous charge transfer reactions induced by light. Application of time resolved laser techniques allows to unravel the salient kinetic features of important redox reactions, such as the recombination of electron-hole pairs and the spectral sensitization of wide band gap materials. In the latter process very high light energy conversion efficiencies are achieved when the sensitiser is used in conjunction with a polycrystalline thin film electrode prepared by a sol gel process.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Grätzel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Chimie PhysiqueEcole Polytechnique FédéraleLausanneSwitzerland

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