Properties of E & SO Galaxies in the Coma Cluster
Are the radial velocity dispersion profiles and the rotation oi galaxies in high density environments similar to those in low density environments? Data for galaxies in low density environment are available from Bender et al. (1994, MNRAS, 269, 785). Are the centrally measured velocity dispersions representative for the mean kinetic energy of the galaxy?
Can the scatter in the Fundamental Plane (FP) — which tightly correlates the radii, surface brightnesses and (central) velocity dispersions (Djorgovski & Davis, 1987, ApJ, 313, 59; Dressler et al. 1987, ApJ, 313, 42) — for the Coma cluster be reduced if the mean kinetic energy is used instead of the central velocity dispersion? Can we derive stronger constraint on the variations in the M/L ratio than already implied by the FP?
The radial gradients of the line indices can be used to test the hypothesis that the metallicity gradient depends on the so-called “escape velocity” of the stars introduced by Franx & Illingworth (1990, ApJ, 359, L41). Also we can check whether the age of the stellar population varies with radius. Ages and metallicities can be estimated from the data with the use of stellar population models (Worthey 1994, ApJS, 95, 105; Bruzual & Charlot 1993, ApJ, 405, 538).
How does the radial variation of stellar populations and kinematics within the galaxies vary as a function of the clusters density profile?