Advertisement

Skills Development Pathways in Asia

  • Cristina Martinez-Fernandez
  • Kyungsoo Choi
Chapter
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 19)

Abstract

Asian countries are among the most dynamic economies in the world. As a result of their rapid growth, several countries are experiencing skill shortages in higher-technology manufacturing. As a response, they have ambitious plans for increasing vocational education and training as part of their national development plans. However, it remains to be seen how these plans will be implemented at the local level. This chapter is divided into three sections: (1) skills challenges faced by Asian countries, (2) strategic approaches to skills development in Asian countries and (3) emerging policy themes. It draws on data and analysis from 15 countries: Australia; Cambodia; China; Hong Kong, China; India; Japan; Korea; Malaysia; Mongolia; Nepal; Pakistan; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; and Vietnam.

Keywords

Labour Force Skill Development Knowledge Intensity Elementary Occupation Workplace Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Department of Skill Development of the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand. (2002). Skill development promotion act. B.E. 2545 (A.D. 2002).Google Scholar
  2. Eddington, N. (2012). Skills labour market policy in Cambodia. A report for the OECD ESSSA Initiative, unpublished.Google Scholar
  3. ILO. (2011). Key Indicators of the Labour Markets (KILM) (7th ed.). Geneva: ILO.Google Scholar
  4. Martinez-Fernandez, C., Hinojosa, C., & Miranda, G. (2010). Green jobs and skills: The local labour market implications of addressing climate change. 8 February, working document, CFE/LEED. Paris: OECD. www.oecd.org/dataoecd/54/43/44683169.pdf?contentId=44683170
  5. Martinez-Fernandez, C., Miles, I., & Weyman, T. (2011). The knowledge economy at work: Skills and innovation in knowledge intensive service activities. Cheltenham: Edgar Elgar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. OECD. (2009). Green growth: Overcoming the crisis and beyond. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264083639-en
  7. OECD. (2012). Skills development pathways in Asia. Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
  8. OECD (forthcoming). Innovation in skills and training in SMEs, Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED). Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
  9. OECD, & International Labour Office. (2011). Job-rich growth in Asia: Strategies for local employment, skills development and social protection. Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED). Paris: OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264110984-en
  10. Sharpe, S., & Martinez-Fernandez, C. (2007, September). Measuring regional knowledge resources: What do occupations have to offer? Innovation, Management, Policy and Practice, 9(3–4), 262–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China. (2010a). The national outline for medium and long-term talent development (2010–2020).Google Scholar
  12. The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China. (2010b). The national plan for medium and long-term education reform and development (2010–2020).Google Scholar
  13. The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, Cambodia. (2010). The education strategic plan for 2009–2013. http://www.moeys.gov.kh/en/policies-and-strategies.htm
  14. The State Council of the People’s Republic of China. (2001). The tenth five-year plan for National Economic and Social Development. http://www.gov.cn/english/official/2005-07/29/content_18334.htm
  15. The State Council of the People’s Republic of China. (2006). The national plan for medium and long-term Scientific and Technological Development of 2006–2020.http://www.gov.cn/english/2006-02/09/content_184426.htm
  16. Usui, K., and Martinez-Fernandez, C. (2011, November–December). Low-carbon green growth opportunities for SMEs. Asia-Pacific Tech Monitor Journal, Special Feature: Environmentally Sustainable Low-Carbon Technologies. www.techmonitor.net/tm/images/8/8c/11nov_dec_sf1.pdf

Copyright information

© Asian Development Bank. The book is published with open access at SpringerLink.com 2013

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development (CFE), LEED Programme, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)ParisFrance
  2. 2.LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)ParisFrance

Personalised recommendations