Coping with Rural Transformation and the Movement of Workers from Rural Areas to Cities: The People’s Republic of China Sunshine Project

  • Li Wang
  • Greg Shaw
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 19)


Ever since the Chinese society has taken a prominent reform strategy, the market economy has rapidly developed, and the scale of economic activity continues to grow such that China is now recognised as the world’s second largest economy. Industrialisation has led to a significant urbanisation of China and strengthens its position as the world’s manufacturer. As vocational opportunities in rural areas have decreased, demand for labour in urban and industrialised areas has increased which led to a massive rural labour migration. It is reported in this chapter that the government policy has gradually reflected greater appreciation of the contribution that rural migrant labourers make to the economy and the need to address inequities in the labour market and in social justice. Sunshine Project as the world’s largest project for rural labour transfer training was reported in this chapter as the implementation of a key and proactive policy shift undertaken by the Chinese Government.


Migrant Worker Rural Labour Rural Worker Biogas Slurry Entrepreneurial Training 
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Copyright information

© Asian Development Bank. The book is published with open access at 2013

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Li Wang
    • 1
  • Greg Shaw
    • 2
  1. 1.UNESCO International Research and Training Centre for Rural Education (INRULED)BeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of EducationCharles Darwin UniversityDarwinAustralia

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