Skills Development Issues, Challenges, and Strategies in Asia and the Pacific

  • Rupert Maclean
  • Shanti Jagannathan
  • Jouko Sarvi
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 19)


Countries in the Asia-Pacific region are very different in size, economic growth and resource endowment. Differences in the levels of economic development impact on every aspect of life, including employment, labour force considerations, education and training. The growing prominence of Asian economies and corporations, together with globalisation and technological innovation, is leading to long-term changes in trade, business and labour markets. Therefore, technical and vocational skills shall be the key focus for these countries to align skills development strategies with socioeconomic goals. This chapter mainly defined the meaning and importance of skills development for employability (TVET). Successful stories in TVET in different regions were introduced. Key issues for TVET in the Asia-Pacific region were raised, including public–private partnership, national qualification framework, green growth and skills development for employability, vocationalisation of education and soft skills development. This chapter calls for an improved framework for skills development in the region.


Labour Market Skill Development Lifelong Learning Human Resource Development Regional Cooperation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Thanks to Margarita Pavlova, Karina Veal, William Douglas and Jenny Xie who made helpful comments on an earlier draft of this chapter. However, the authors take full personal responsibility for the chapter as it appears here.


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Copyright information

© Asian Development Bank. The book is published with open access at 2013

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupert Maclean
    • 1
  • Shanti Jagannathan
    • 2
  • Jouko Sarvi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of International Education and Lifelong LearningThe Hong Kong Institute of EducationHong KongChina
  2. 2.Regional and Sustainable Development DepartmentAsian Development BankMandaluyong, Metro ManilaPhilippines
  3. 3.Regional and Sustainable Development DepartmentAsian Development BankMandaluyong, Metro ManilaPhilippines

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