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Epidemiologie van pijn

  • H. S. J. Picavet
  • T. Westendorp
Chapter

Samenvatting

Epidemiologisch onderzoek naar chronische pijn laat zien dat pijnklachten zeer veel voorkomen, op alle leeftijden en in alle lagen van de bevolking. Vrouwen hebben vaker klachten dan mannen. De lange duur en het wisselende beloop van sommige pijnklachten maken het meten van pijn lastig. Binnen onderzoek wordt eveneens nog weinig gebruikgemaakt van hoe pijn over de levensloop gekarakteriseerd kan worden. Chronische pijn is multifactorieel: zeer veel factoren kunnen bijdragen aan de pijn, zoals leefgewoonten (bijvoorbeeld roken), werk (zoals veelvuldig tillen) en psychosociale factoren zoals stress en copingstrategieën. De grote gevolgen voor het individu (zoals een grote diversiteit aan beperkingen in dagelijkse activiteiten en participatie) en voor de maatschappij (zoals verzuim en beroep op zorgvoorzieningen) maken chronische pijn een groot volksgezondheidsprobleem, maar dit is weinig ‘zichtbaar’. De enorme ‘ziekte-last’ van chronische pijn benadrukt de roep om innovatie op het terrein van preventie, behandeling en onderzoek.

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Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum is een imprint van Springer Media B.V., onderdeel van Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. S. J. Picavet
    • 1
  • T. Westendorp
    • 2
  1. 1.Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en MilieuBilthovenNederland
  2. 2.Rijndam RevalidatieRotterdamNederland

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