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ROS and Regulation of Photosynthesis

  • Soumen Bhattacharjee
Chapter

Abstract

In plant, cell chloroplast is one of the prime locales for the formation of ROS and the origin of redox signal. Any redox imbalance in photosynthetic electron transport and photosynthetic carbon reduction cycle eventually causes generation of ROS in plants. An efficient antioxidative defense operates both at metabolic interface and at genetic level for processing ROS efficiently for the maintenance of redox homeostasis and ROS pool. The significance of antioxidative defense network in the maintenance of optimum photosynthetic rate has been revealed in many studies involving molecular genetics and proteomic approaches. Recent studies have confirmed that the internal redox state of some important components of Z-scheme electron carriers (plastoquinone, cytochrome b6f complex, etc.) affects chloroplast gene expression, hinting the significance of chloroplast redox signal in controlling photosynthesis. Additionally, through redox regulation, photosynthesis functions as sensors for environmental cues like excess photochemical energy. This in fact provides regulatory loop in which expression of photosynthetic genes is not only coupled with redox state of photosynthetic electron flow but also senses excess photochemical energy. So, keeping all these views under consideration, an effort has been made to describe the present concepts of the role of photosynthesis in the origin of oxidative stress and redox signaling.

Keywords

Oxidative stress Photosynthesis Z-scheme regulation Photooxidative damage Redox signal 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature India Private Limited 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soumen Bhattacharjee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUGC Centre For Advanced Study, The University of BurdwanBurdwanIndia

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