The Past, Prospects and Problems of Forming the ‘Chindia’ Alliance

  • Tien-sze FangEmail author


The rise of China and India has been hailed as a transformative factor in reshaping the global order. When it comes to perspectives of China–India relations, the ‘Chindia’ school—the term being a portmanteau of China and India—presents a positive outlook compared to the prevailing geopolitical one. Despite the bitter experiences between China and India, this school of thought does not subscribe to an inevitable conflict and concludes that these two rising powers will stand together in international society as a powerful combination. For a better understanding on the subject, the paper analyses the possibility and problems of forming a Chindia alliance, suggesting that even though it appears to be an unlikely scenario, a ‘Chindia-plus’ formula could be emerging as an alternative.


Chindia China–India relations Panchsheel Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence 


  1. Cheng Ruisheng (1998) Zhong Yin guoji diwei de bijiao (A comparative study of the international status of China and India). Nanya yanjiu (South Asian Studies) No. 2:3–7Google Scholar
  2. Edwardes M (1971) Nehru: a political biography. Allen Lane, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Gopal S (1979) Jawaharlal Nehru: a biography, vol 2, 1947–1956. Jonathan Cape, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Kundu ND (2012) RIC: trilateral set to scale new heights. Russia and India Business Report, 24 April 2012. Accessed 18 Mar 2014
  5. Ma Jiali (2006) Yindu de jueqi taishi (The posture of India’s rise). Xiandai guoji guanxi (Contemporary International Relations) No. 6:51–55Google Scholar
  6. Mao Zedong (1994) Heping gongchu wu xiang yuanze ying tuiguang dao suoyou guojia guanxi zhong qu (The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence should be introduced to relations among all states). In: Mao Zedong waijiao wenxuan (Selected diplomatic works of Mao Zedong). Zhongyang wenxian chubanshe, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  7. Nehru J (1956) The discovery of India. Meridian Books Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Palkhiwala K (2010) Mitigating climate change. Press Information Bureau. Government of India, 28 January 2010. Accessed 31 Oct 2013
  9. Qian Feng (2002) 21 shiji shuyu Yindu? (The twenty-first century belongs to India?). Huanqiu shibao (Global Times), 10 October 2002, p 3Google Scholar
  10. Shao Zhiyong (2001) India’s big power dream. Beijing Review, 12 April 2001, pp 9–10Google Scholar
  11. Singh M (2005) Panchsheel: retrospect and prospect. Shipra Publications, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  12. Sun Shihai (1999) Yindu de jueqi: qianli yu zhiyu yinsu (India’s rise: potential and constraint factors). Dangdai yatai (Contemporary Asia Pacific Studies) No. 8:3–14Google Scholar
  13. Tan Chung (ed) (2007) Zhong Yin Datong- Li Xiang yu shixian (Chindia-idealism and realization). Ningxia renmin chubanshe, YinchuanGoogle Scholar
  14. Wang Hongwei (1998) Ximalayashan qingjie: Zhong-Yin guanxi yanjiu (The Himalayas sentiment: a study of Sino-Indian relations). Zhongguo zangxue chubanshe, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  15. Wilson D, Purushothaman R (2003) Dealing with BRICs: the path to 2050, Goldman Sachs Global Economics Paper No. 99, 1 October 2003Google Scholar
  16. Yin Xinan (2003) Lengzhanhou Zhong Yin E sanbian hezuo chutan (A trial discussion of the trilateral relationship among China, India and Russia after the Cold War). Nanya yanjiu jikan (South Asian Studies Quarterly) No. 1:50–56Google Scholar
  17. Yin Xinan (2007) Chindia/sin shiji “Zhong Yin Datong” yundong jianxi (Chindia: The Great Sino-Indian harmony movement in the new century). Nanya yanjiu (South Asian Studies) No. 4:80–85Google Scholar
  18. Zhang Yan (2008) A perspective on India & China–India ties. Hindu, 1 July 2008. Accessed 26 Oct 2013
  19. Zhang Zhirong (2008) Zhong Yin guanxi de huigu yu fansi: Yang Gongsu dashi fantan lu (The retrospection and reconsideration of the Sino-Indian relations: an interview with Ambassador Yang Gongsu’). Dandai Ya Tai (Contemporary Asia-Pacific Studies) No. 8:17–25Google Scholar
  20. Zhao Gancheng (2006) Guoji tixi junheng yu zhongyin gongtong jueqi (Equilibrium in international system and the co-emergence of India and China). Xiandai guoji guanxi (Contemporary International Relations). No. 7:3–9Google Scholar
  21. Zhou Enlai (1990a) Heping gongchu wu xiang yuanze (Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence). In: Zhou Enlai waijiao wenxuan (Selected diplomatic works of Zhou Enlai). Zhongyan wenxian chubanshe, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  22. Zhou Enlai (1990b) Zai Ya Fei huiyi quanti huiyi shang de fayan (Remarks at the General Assembly of Afro-Asian conference). In: Zhou Enlai waijiao wenxuan. Zhongyan wenxian chubanshe, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  23. Zoher Abdoolcarim (2011) The Chindian century. Time, 10 November 2011.,28804,2099180_2099179_2099178,00.html. Accessed 25 Oct 2013

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for General EducationNational Tsing Hua UniversityHsinchuTaiwan

Personalised recommendations