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Physical Properties of Biomembranes and Cellular Functions

  • Kazuo Ohki
  • Hidetake Miyata
Chapter
Part of the Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering book series (BIOMEDICAL)

Abstract

Membrane lipids such as phospholipids, glycolipids and sterols form lipid bilayer membranes spontaneously in water, and insertion and binding of proteins result in construction of biomembranes. Membrane proteins are surrounded by lipid molecules, and structure and physical properties of lipid membrane regulate function and activity of protein through interaction between lipids and proteins. Biological functions on biomembranes utilize physical property of lipid bilayer membranes. Molecular collision for chemical reaction is controlled by membrane fluidity which depends on lipid species of different structures such as length and unsaturation. Special regions for signaling system on cell membrane are formed by phase separation. Membrane lipid preferring non -bilayer forming is closely related to membrane fusion.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazuo Ohki
    • 1
  • Hidetake Miyata
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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