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Thoracic Subarachnoid Phenol Block (Landmark Technique, X-ray-Guided)

  • Masako IsekiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Thoracic subarachnoid block is a technique suitable for treating chest and/or back pain localized to either side of the body. While this block treatment can be conducted using the landmark technique, it should be performed under X-ray guidance in order to improve the interspinal position of the needle and better predict the spread of the drug. In recent years, subarachnoid blocks have also been carried out under ultrasonic echo examinations.

Keywords

Intrathecal block Phenol block Neurolytic block 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I am grateful to Dr.Yutaka Tanabe and Dr. Shinzo Tubota for generously providing the photographs included in this chapter.

References

  1. 1.
    Tanabe Y. Subarachnoid phenol block. Pain Clinic. 2011;32:S291–8.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fujii T, Nobuhiro H, Tubota S, Nagaro T. The role of interventional treatment in cancer pain. Pain Clinic. 2007;28:643–50.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology and Pain ManagementJuntendo University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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