Native and Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis

  • Amina Khalil
  • Jonathan AndersonEmail author


Infective endocarditis (IE) is an endovascular microbial infection of the endocardium that includes the great intrathoracic vessels and intracardiac devices exposed to the blood interface but with a higher predilection for the cardiac valves. The factors contributing to the development of IE have changed over the past 50 years. These factors include a decreasing incidence of rheumatic heart disease, an increase in median age, heart valve surgery, nosocomial infections and intravenous drug misuse. The epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and surgical techniques are discussed in this chapter.


Epidemiology Prosthetic valve endocarditis Nosocomial Antibiotics Abscess Biofilm Embolus 


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cardiothoracic SurgeryHammersmith HospitalLondonUK

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