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Morphology of the Ascending Aorta in Bicuspid Aortic Valve Disease

  • Matina PrapaEmail author
  • M. A. Gatzoulis
Chapter

Abstract

The spectrum of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease encompasses not only maldevelopment of the aortic valve but also abnormalities of the thoracic aorta, including aortic root and ascending aortic dilatation. Insidious formation of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) can lead to aortic dissection or rupture with necropsy series suggesting a 5–10 times higher risk of aortic dissection in BAV compared to patients with a trileaflet aortic valve.

Keywords

Bicuspid aortic valve Elastin Glycoprotein Fibrillin Aortopathy Aneurysm Dissection 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical GeneticsAddenbrooke’s HospitalCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Adult Congenital Heart Centre and Centre for Pulmonary HypertensionRoyal Brompton Hospital, and The National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial CollegeLondonUK

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