4D Flow MR: Insights into Aortic Blood Flow Characteristics

  • Florian von Knobelsdorff-BrenkenhoffEmail author
  • Alex J. Barker


Imaging of the aorta is mainly done using MR and CT as outlined in other chapters. Both techniques have the advantage of being able to depict intraluminal, intramural, and surrounding pathologies with high spatial resolution and excellent tissue contrast. However, describing the function of the aorta itself as well as the interplay between blood flow and aortic remodeling is challenging. With the advent of a novel MR technique, called 4D flow, new insights into aortic pathophysiology are possible (Markl, Kilner, Ebbers, J Cardiovasc Magn Reson.13:7, 2011).


4D Flow MRI Wall shear stress Vascular remodeling Blood flow Velocity jets 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alex J. Barker
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyClinic Agatharied, Academic Teaching Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Norbert-Kerkel-PlatzMunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Feinberg School of MedicineNorthwestern UniversityChicagoUSA

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