Triggers of Aortic Dissection

  • Bulat A. Ziganshin
  • John A. ElefteriadesEmail author


Aortic dissection is the most common and highly lethal aortic emergency. Multiple studies have described the epidemiology, natural history, and management strategies of aortic dissection; however, few studies have addressed the question—What triggers the aorta to dissect? It is generally considered that aortic dissection is a random event that can occur at any day and point in time. However, there is evidence to suggest that aortic dissection is indeed not random; rather, we now believe that aortic dissection is programmed genetically and occurs at a specific moment as a result of a very specific sequence of events. In this chapter we review our current understanding of the predisposing and inciting events that trigger aortic dissection.


Dissection Genetics Cytokines Stress Distensibility 


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aortic Institute at Yale-New Haven HospitalYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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