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Scientific Problems in Cislunar Space and their Exploration with Rocket Vehicles

  • S. F. Singer
Chapter

Abstract

The paper discusses scientific measurements which can be carried out in the “cislunar” region between the earth and the moon. Stress is placed on such problems as the space distribution and intensity of cosmic rays, auroral particles, and other corpuscular radiations some of which might be responsible for the magnetic storm producing ring current. The moon’s magnetic field is discussed, as well as measurements of the lunar atmosphere and lunar tidal bulge.

Zusammenfassung

Die vorliegende Arbeit erörtert wissenschaftliche Messungen, die in der „cislunaren“ Region zwischen Erde und Mond ausgeführt werden können. Das Hauptgewicht wird auf solche Probleme wie räumliche Verteilung und Intensität der kosmischen Strahlung, der die Aurora-Erscheinungen verursachenden Teilchen und anderer korpuskularer Strahlungen gelegt, von denen gewisse für den Ringstrom verantwortlich sein können, der die magnetischen Stürme hervorruft. Das magnetische Feld des Mondes wird erörtert, desgleichen Messungen der Mondatmosphäre und des Gezeitenwulstes des Mondes.

Résumé

L’article discute les mesures scientifiques qui peuvent être faites dans la région cislunaire entre la terre et la lune. L’accent est placé sur des problèmes tels que la détermination de l’intensité et de la répartition des rayons cosmiques, des particules aurorales et autres rayonnements corpusculaires qui pourraient être responsables des courants annulaires provoquant les orages magnétiques. Le champ magnétique lunaire est mis en discussion ainsi que l’évaluation de l’atmosphère lunaire et du gonflement de la marée lunaire.

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References

  1. 1.
    C. W. Allen, Astrophysical Quantities. University of London, 1955.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Winterberg, Astronaut. Acta 2, 25 (1956)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  3. V. L. Ginzberg, Soviet Phys. JETP 3, 136 (1956)Google Scholar
  4. S. F. Singer, Physic. Rev. 104, 11 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 3.
    For more detail consult a recent review article on “Primary Cosmic Radiation and Its Time Variation”, by S. F. Singer; a chapter in: Progress in Elementary Particle and Cosmic Ray Physics, Vol 4. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Co., 1958. A full paper will be published in J. Geophysic. Res.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    E. N. Parker, Physic. Rev. 103, 1518 (1956).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 5.
    The theory deals with the trapping and storing of charged particles (from the sun) in the earth’s magnetic field, their subsequent motions and drifts; see Trans. Amer. Geophysic. Union 38, 175 (1957), especially Appendix 4. See also the review article “Geophysical Research with Artificial Earth Satellites”, a chapter in Advances in Geophysics, Vol. 3. New York: Academic Press, 1956, especially pp. 326-27 which show the distribution of the ring current.Google Scholar
  8. 6.
    S. F. Singer, Bull. Amer. Physic. Soc., Ser. II, 3, 40 (1958); and J. Geophysic. Res. (in press).Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    R. B. Baldwin, The Face of the Moon, p. 191. Chicago: University Press, 1949.Google Scholar
  10. 8.
    G. Oertel and S. F. Singer, Astronaut. Acta (to be published); R. Newton, J. Appl. Physics (in press).Google Scholar
  11. 9.
    S. F. Singer, Physic. Rev. Letters 1, 171 and 181 (1958); see also J. Brit. Interplan. Soc. 16, 558 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1959

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. F. Singer
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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