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Petrographic Studies in Extraterrestrial Explorations

  • W. H. Baier
  • J. A. Campbell
  • P. N. Slater
Chapter

Abstract

The paper opens with a brief summary of those aspects of terrestrial petrology which are used in extraterrestrial exploration. Lunar petrological considerations in the light of both the volcanic and the impact theories for formation of lunar surface features are summarized. The significance of physical, crystallographic, and other properties;which provide useful data to the petrographer are pointed out in order to indicate the advisability of including such instruments as a petrographic microscope system on early soft landing, unmanned spacecraft.

Résumé

Etudes pétrographiques sur les explorations extra-terrestres. On ргésente, au début, un sommaire bref sur ces aspects de la petrologie ter restre qui s’appliquent à I’exploration extraterrestre. Les auteurs гésument les considerations pétrologiques lunaires pour la formation des caractéristiques de la surface de la Lune, en vue des theories volcanique et d’impact ensemble. On indique la signification des propriétés physiques, crystallographiques et d’autres qui fournissent au pétrographe des dotinées utiles, afin d’indiquer l’opportunite de renformer des instruments, tels qufun systfeme comprenant un microscope pétrographique, dans les engins primitifs spatiaux qui effectueront un atterrissage doux.

Абстрактный

Петрографические исследования внеземных объектов. Доклад начинается кратким обзором аспектов земной петрологии, применяемых при исследовании внеземных объектов. Резюмированы петрологические соображения в свете вулканной и метеоритной теории образования рельефа лунной поверхности. Показано значение получения данных о физических, кристаллографических и других свойствах небесных тел для петрографа. В связи с этим говорится о желательности применения таких приборов, как петрографическая микроскопная система при первых мягких посадках космического корабля без экипажа.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. H. Baier
    • 1
  • J. A. Campbell
    • 1
  • P. N. Slater
    • 1
  1. 1.Illinois Institute of TechnologyChicagoUSA

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