Precambrian Ore Deposits in the Nubian and the Arabian Shields and their Correlation across the Red Sea

  • A. Al Shanti
  • W. Frisch
  • W. Pohl
  • M. M. Abdel Tawab
Conference paper
Part of the Schriftenreihe der Erdwissenschaftlichen Kommissionen book series (ERDWISSENSCHAFT, volume 3)


A generalization is attempted of the present knowledge on Precambrian geology and mineralization in the northern Red Sea area:

The northern parts of the Nubian and the Arabian Shields have had a nearly identical Precambrian geological history; thick geosynclinal volcano-sedimentary sequences are intruded by pre-, syn-to post-tectonic magmatic rocks ranging from ultramafics to highly differentiated granites.

The Precambrian ore deposits may be classed into three main groups — 1. Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag-Au-Fe are derived from the early volcanic activities; 2. Cr-Cu-Ni-Co occur within mafic and ultramafic intrusives; while 3. Ta/Nb-Sn-W-Mo-F-Au are connected with late-to post-tectonic granitic intrusions.

Deposits belonging to the three listed metal associations occur on both sides of the Red Sea, and many of them are directly comparable. Because of this the authors consider them as part of one metallogenic province, which may be called “AraboNubian metallogenic province”.

The observation, that deposits of the plutonic, acidic affmity (group 3) are more important in the Nubian Shield and the Hijaz, while group 1 deposits predominate in the Najd and Asir areas of the Arabian Shield, leads to the definition of two metallogenic subprovinces. The western “Hijaz-Nubian metallogenic subprovince” is characterized by the Ta/Nb-Sn-W-Mo-F-Au metal association, whereas the eastern “Najd-Asir metallogenic subprovince” comprises more Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag-Au-Fe. Group 2 metals are about equally distributed in the whole area.


Die vorliegende Arbeit stellt den Versuch einer Verallgemeinerung der derzeitigen Kenntnis von Geologie und Erzlagerstätten des Präkambriums im nördlichen Bereich des Roten Meeres dar.

Die nördlichen Teile des Nubischen und Arabischen Schildes hatten eine weitgehend vergleichbare präkambrische geologische Entwicklung: Mächtige geosynklinale vulkano-sedimentäre Folgen wurden durch prä-, syn-bis post-tektonische magmatische Gesteine intrudiert, die von Ultrabasiten bis zu hoch differenzierten Graniten variieren.

Die präkambrischen Erzlagerstätten können in drei Hauptgruppen eingeteilt werden — 1. Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag-Au-Fe wurden durch die frühen vulkanischen Aktivitäten gebracht; 2. Cr-Cu-Ni-Co kommen in basischen und ultrabasischen Intrusiven vor; während 3. Ta/Nb-Sn-W-Mo-F-Au mit spät-bis posttektonischen Graniten verbunden sind.

Lagerstätten, die diesen Metallassoziationen zugehören, gibt es sowohl im Osten wie auch im Westen des Roten Meeres; viele davon sind direkt vergleichbar. Aus diesem Grunde halten die Autoren alle diese Lagerstätten für Erscheinungen einer metallogenetischen Provinz, die „Arabo-Nubische Metallogenetische Provinz“ genannt wird.

Die Beobachtung, daß Lagerstätten der plutonischen, sauren Verwandtschaft (Gruppe 3) im Nubischen Schild und dem Hijaz-Gebiet wichtiger sind, wogegen Lagerstätten der Gruppe 1 in den Najd-und Asir-Gebieten des Arabischen Schildes vorherrschen, führt zur Definition zweier metallogenetischer Subprovinzen. Die westliche „Hijaz-Nubische Metallogenetische Subprovinz“ ist durch die Ta/Nb-SnW-Mo-F-Au Metallassoziation charakterisiert, während die östliche „Najd-Asir Metallogenetische Subprovinz“ mehr Zn-Cu-Pb-Ag-Au-Fe führt. Metalle der Gruppe 2 sind etwa gleichmäßig im betrachteten Gebiet vorhanden.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Al Shanti
    • 1
  • W. Frisch
    • 2
  • W. Pohl
    • 3
  • M. M. Abdel Tawab
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute for Applied GeologyJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Geologisches Institut d. Universität WienWienÖsterreich
  3. 3.Institut f. Geologie u. LagerstättenlehreMontanuniversitätLeobenÖsterreich
  4. 4.Geological Survey of EgyptCairoEgypt

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