Evaluation of Loop Constraints of General Closed-Chain Linkages

  • H. J. Kang
  • R. A. Freeman
Conference paper


The evaluation of loop constraints is presented for dynamic modeling of general closed-chain systems in terms of a minimum coordinate set. These procedures are based on higher order kinematic relationships between hypothetically open chain reference coordinates(system Lagrangian coordinates) and a set of independent closed-chain coordinates(system generalized coordinates). Three different approaches for determining/ evaluating loop constraints, both numerically and symbolically, are investigated and discussed with respect to their relative computational merits.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. J. Kang
    • 1
  • R. A. Freeman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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