Advertisement

Surface Characterization in Steel Making

  • E. Janssen
Conference paper
Part of the Mikrochimica Acta book series (MIKROCHIMICA, volume 9)

Abstract

In steel making the surface of the product is changing drastically during the different processing stages. These changes are caused by strong physical and chemical interactions between the surface and its processing environment. Examples of these interaction processes are: slab-heating (i. e. oxidation), hot-rolling, acid-pickling, cold-rolling, electro-alcaline degreasing, annealing, temper-rolling, tinplating, electro-galvanizing and phosphatizing. As the surface properties of the final product like coating adherence, corrosion behaviour etc. are depending largely on the final surface condition of the steel product, control of the surface condition (e. g. morphology, structure and chemical constitution) is of major importance in steel industry nowadays.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    P. F. Kane and G. B. Larrabee, Characterization of Solid Surfaces, New York — London: Plenum Press. 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. W. Czanderna, Methods of Surface Analysis, Amsterdam: Elsevier. 1975.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. Rahmel, Proc. Intern. Symp. on Chemical Metallurgy of Iron and Steel, Sheffield. 1971. p. 395.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. H. Tien and E. T. Turkdogan, Metal Science 9, 233, 240 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. T. Turkdogan and G. T. W. Kor, Metallurgical Trans. 2, 1561, 1571 (1971).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Janssen and M. A. De Haas, Estel Hoogovens Research Rep. 30037 (1972).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Janssen, Materials Science and Eng. 42, 309 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. Janssen, Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry SIMS II, ed. Benninghoven et al. Berlin — Heidelberg — New York: Springer-Verlag. 1979. p. 170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    V. Leroy, Materials Science and Eng. 42, 289 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Azushima, J. Kihara, and M. Miyagawa, Proc. Int. Conf. on Steel Rolling, Tokyo. 1980. p. 1097.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. Leyon, Scand. J. of Met. 9, 189 (1980).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. Emond, J. Lempereur, L. Renard, and V. Leroy, Metallurgical Rep. CRM 56, 53 (1980).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. Leroy, J. Richelmi, and H. Graas, Metallurgical Rep. CRM 49, 49 (1976).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Y. Inokuti, J. Iron Steel Japan 15, 6, 324 (1975).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. Van Koesveld, Estel Hoogovens Research Rep. 1974.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. Hosparaduk, J. Huff, R. W. Zurilla, and H. T. Greenwood, SAE techn. paper 780 186 (1978).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Engineering Specification Materials, Ford Laboratory, 1971.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    L. Renard and J. P. Lemaire, European Coil Coating Assoc. Brussels, 1979.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    B. Van de Geest, Estel Hoogovens Research Rep. 46129 (1978).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Fukuzuka, K. Kajiwara, K. Miki, S. Kirihara, T. Hoshino, K. Kawamoto, and S. Tanaka, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 167 (1980).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    E. Janssen, to be published.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    D. S. Sakai and R. F. Hunter, SAE techn. paper 790 115 (1979).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    J. S. Johannesen, A. P. Grande, and T. Notevarp, Materials Science and Eng. 42, 321 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H. Bunk, to be published.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    W. Van Koesveld, Estel Hoogovens Research Rep. (1979).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Nitto, Y. Oyagi, and H. Nakano, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 211 (1980).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    E. Soepenberg, H. G. Vrijburg, and B. Spruit, 9th World Congr. on Metal Finishing, Amsterdam 1976.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    V. Leroy, J. P. Servais, L. Habraken, L. Renard, and J. Lempereur, Proc. 1st Int. Tinplate Conf. London, Publ. no. 530, p-s 99 (1976).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    K. Yoshida, A. Suzuki, K. Doi, and K. Anai, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 218 (1980).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    A. Shibuya, T. Kurimoto, K. Korekawa, and K. Noji, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 3 (1980).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    K. Matsudo, T. Adaniya, M. Ohmura, and M. Ogawa, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 46 (1980).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    T. Kado, K. Ayusawa, and M. Watanabe, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 22 (1980).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    T. Yoshihara, H. Kimura, and S. Harada, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 11 (1980).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    R. Kojima, H. Okita, and Y. Matsushima, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 156 (1980).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    H. G. Vrijburg, Estel Hoogovens Research Rep. 46530, 1979.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    T. Wakano and K. Usuki, Tetsu-to-Hagané 66, 9, 177 (1980).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. Werner, Materials Science and Eng. 42, 1 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    J. M. Walls, D. D. Hall, and D. E. Sykes, Surf. and Interface Anal. 1, 6, 204 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    K. H. Koch and M. Kretschmer, Mikrochim. Acta [Wien], Suppl. 9, 1981, 255.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    M. L. Wayman and J. T. Gray, Acta Met. 22, 349 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    J. C. Rivière, Materials Science and Eng. 42, 49 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    M. Guttman, Interfacial Segregation, ed. Johnson et al., ASM, Metal Park Ohio. 1979. p. 96.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    C. R. Gosset, Nucl. Instr. Methods 168, 217 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    See R. Gastaign, Materials Science and Eng. 42, 13 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Janssen
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Laboratories Department of Producttechnology and Surface TechnologyEstel Hoogovens BVIjmuidenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations