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Akutes Abdomen pp 471-538 | Cite as

Akutes Abdomen bei Kindern

  • Johannes Mayr
  • Günter Fasching

Zusammenfassung

Nur wenige der Kinder mit akuten abdominellen Beschwerden, die eine Notaufnahme aufsuchen, leiden an schweren oder lebensbedrohlichen Erkrankungen, die eine sofortige chirurgische Intervention erfordern. Somit besteht die Hauptherausforderung für den diensthabenden Chirurgen darin, bei Kindern mit akuter abdomineller Symptomatik sehr schnell die korrekte Diagnose zu stellen. In diesem Kapitel werden die typischen Symptome bei Kindern beschrieben, effiziente und sichere chirurgische Behandlungsprinzipien vorgestellt und die Unterschiede zwischen Kindern und Erwachsenen bei der Diagnostik und Therapie des akuten Abdomens aufgezeigt. Es wird ein Überblick über häufige und seltene Ursachen des akuten Abdomens bei Kindern gegeben sowie das entsprechende diagnostische Vorgehen, Differenzialdiagnosen und die chirurgische Therapie erläutert.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannes Mayr
    • 1
  • Günter Fasching
    • 2
  1. 1.Universitäts-Kinderspital beider BaselBasel
  2. 2.Klinikum KlagenfurtAbteilung für Kinder- und JugendchirurgieKlagenfurt am Wörthersee

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