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Polysaccharides: Molecular and Supramolecular Structures. Terminology

  • Thomas HeinzeEmail author
  • Katrin Petzold-Welcke
  • Jan E. G. van Dam
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter summarises important issues about the molecular and supramolecular structure of polysaccharides. It describes the terminology of polysaccharides systematically. The polysaccharides are divided regarding the molecular structures in glucans, polyoses, polysaccharides with amino functions, polysaccharides with acid functions and some miscellaneous. The most important glucans cellulose, (1 → 3)-β-d-glucans, starch, glycogen, dextran and pullulan are discussed. For polyoses, xylans, mannans, xyloglucans and mixed-linkage β-glucans are described. Polysaccharides with amino functions include the description of chitin and chitosan, hyaluronan or hyaluronic acid, glycosaminoglycans and murein. The polysaccharides with acid functions are described including pectins, alginates, agar-agar and carrageenan. Moreover, inulin, levan and xanthan gum are described.

Keywords

Hyaluronic Acid Uronic Acid Compression Wood Primary Cell Wall Sugar Beet Pulp 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/WIen 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Heinze
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Katrin Petzold-Welcke
    • 3
  • Jan E. G. van Dam
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre of Excellence for Polysaccharide Research, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Macromolecular ChemistryFriedrich Schiller University of JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Laboratory of Fibre and Cellulose TechnologyÅbo Akademi UniversityÅboFinland
  3. 3.Centre of Excellence for Polysaccharide Research, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Macromolecular ChemistryFriedrich Schiller University of JenaJenaGermany
  4. 4.Wageningen UR Food & Biobased ResearchWageningenThe Netherlands

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