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Helix-helix interaction patterns in membrane proteins

  • Dieter Langosch
  • Jana R. Herrmann
  • Stephanie Unterreitmeier
  • Angelika Fuchs
Chapter

Abstract

Membrane-spanning α-helices represent major sites of protein-protein interaction in membrane protein oligomerization and folding. As such, these interactions may be of exquisite specificity. Specificity often rests on a complex interplay of different types of residues forming the helix-helix interfaces via dense packing and different non-covalent forces, including van der Waal’s forces, hydrogen bonding, charge-charge interactions, and aromatic interactions. These interfaces often contain complex residue motifs where the contribution of constituent amino acids depends on the context of the surrounding sequence. Moreover, transmembrane helix-helix interactions are increasingly recognized as being dynamic and dependent on the functional state of a given protein.

Abbreviations

GpA, glycophorin A H-bond, hydrogen bond TMD, transmembrane domain 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dieter Langosch
    • 1
  • Jana R. Herrmann
    • 1
  • Stephanie Unterreitmeier
    • 1
  • Angelika Fuchs
    • 2
  1. 1.Department für biowissenschaftliche GrundlagenTechnische Universität München and Center for Integrated Protein Science (CIPSM)FreisingGermany
  2. 2.Department für biowissenschaftliche GrundlagenTechnische Universität MünchenFreisingGermany

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