Smart Grids pp 167-224 | Cite as

Smart Operation and Observability at the Transmission Level

  • Bernd M. BuchholzEmail author
  • Zbigniew A. Styczynski


Increasing transmission demands caused by free energy trading activities, and in many countries, by an unlimited in-feed of volatile wind and solar power, are stressing the power systems and causing more frequent congestions in the transmission networks. An analysis of the large power system disturbances in the period between 2003 and 2006 demonstrates the risk of congestions developing into blackouts. New system concepts, such as “Wide Area Monitoring” “Adaptive Protection” or “Advanced Predictions for Load, Generation and Congestions” have to be introduced to ensure an intelligent congestion management and to reduce the risk of disturbances.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NTB TechnoservicePyrbaumGermany
  2. 2.Otto-von-Guericke University of MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany

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