Nutrition Aspects



Nutrition is very important for maintaining good health but also for the optimal preparation of the athletes and for injury risk management in sports. It can seem to be only a detail, because probably no one trust that a good diet can help to win a match or a race, but it is sure that a bad diet can affect negatively the final athletic performance, including a bigger risk of injury in certain situations or environments (e.g., dehydration). Some food matching and nutrition strategies allow the athlete to train and recover better and faster, other can help to prepare the body to the right adaptation to training stimulus and imposed demands. Accurate energy consumption must be calculated knowing sport-specific training request in order to obtain the adequate amount of energy from the best combination of meals. In most cases, foods are enough to provide all micro- and macronutrients, but in some case, with a specific supervision, a small number of dietary supplements may benefit some athletes. Recent researches suggest that the strategic combination of exercise training and nutrition, so-called “periodized nutrition” or nutritional training, can be the new frontier of the sport’s nutrition, with the overall aim to obtain adaptations that support exercise performance. For example, training with low- or high-carbohydrate availability means different effects in terms of signaling and transcription in the cells, but to date, few studies have been able to show any effects on performance.


Sport Nutrition Athlete Performance Hydration Injury Food Vegetarian 

Recommended References

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    Maughan R, Burke L, Budgett R, Nutrition Working Group of the Medical and Scientific Commission of the International Olympic Committee (Rev. and Updated June 2016) Nutrition for athletes. A practical guide to eating for health and performance. IOC. pp 1–35Google Scholar
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    Thomas DT, Erdman KA, Burke LM (2016) American College of Sports Medicine Joint Position Statement. Nutrition and athletic performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 48(3):543–568. Scholar
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    Jeukendrup AE (2017) Periodized nutrition for athletes. Sports Med 47(Suppl 1):51–63. Scholar
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    Burke L, Deakin V (2015) Clinical sports nutrition, 5th edn. McGraw Hill EducationGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jeukendrup A, Gleeson M (2019) Sport nutrition, 3rd edn. Human KineticsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ESSKA 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Isokinetic Medical GroupMilanItaly
  2. 2.A.C. Milan Medical TeamMilanItaly

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