Advertisement

Tools and Techniques for Purification of Water Using Nano Materials

  • Barış ŞimşekEmail author
  • İnci Sevgili
  • Özge Bildi Ceran
  • Haluk Korucu
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, the goal is to evaluate the materials which are used in water purification with the nano materials and their materials in terms of water’s physical, chemical, and microbiological purification performance. Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages were designated in terms that the nano materials are used separately or compositely and they are used as they are covered or as the filling. Water purification performance of nano materials was compared with each other.

References

  1. 1.
    Arfanuzzaman M, Atiq Rahman A (2017) Sustainable water demand management in the face of rapid urbanization and ground water depletion for social–ecological resilience building. Glob Ecol Conserv 10:9–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chang H-H, Cheng T-J, Huang C-P, Wang G-S (2017) Characterization of titanium dioxide nanoparticle removal in simulated drinking water treatment processes. Sci Total Environ 601–602:886–894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Basheer AA (2018) New generation nano-adsorbents for the removal of emerging contaminants in water. J Mol Liq 261:583–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shivaprasad P, Singh PK, Saharan VK, George S (2018) Synthesis of nano alumina for defluoridation of drinking water. Nano-StructNano-Objects 13:109–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Buruga K, Kalathi JT, Kim K-H, Ok YS, Danil B (2018) Polystyrene-halloysite nano tube membranes for water purification. J Ind Eng Chem 61:169–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Abo-Almaged HH, Gaber AA (2017) Synthesis and characterization of nano-hydroxyapatite membranes for water desalination. Mater Today Commun 13:186–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ghaemi N, Khodakarami Z (2019) Nano-biopolymer effect on forward osmosis performance of cellulosic membrane: high water flux and low reverse salt. Carbohydr Polym 204:78–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Uppal JS, Zheng Q, Le Chris X (2019) An improved and simple method for removal of arsenic from drinking water. J Environ Sci 76:415–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ihsanullah (2019) Carbon nanotube membranes for water purification: developments, challenges, and prospects for the future. Sep Purif Technol 209:307–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gohil JM, Choudhury RR (2019) Chapter 2 – Introduction to nanostructured and nano-enhanced polymeric membranes: preparation, function, and application for water purification. In: Thomas S, Pasquini D, Leu S-Y, Gopakumar DA (eds) Nanoscale materials in water purification. Elsevier, New York, pp 25–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ying Y, Yang Y, Ying W, Peng X (2016) Two-dimensional materials for novel liquid separation membranes. Nanotechnology 27:332001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Navarro-Ortega A, Acuña V, Bellin A, Burek P, Cassiani G, Choukr-Allah R, Dolédec S, Elosegi A, Ferrari F, Ginebreda A (2015) Managing the effects of multiple stressors on aquatic ecosystems under water scarcity. The GLOBAQUA project. Sci Total Environ 503:3–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ying Y, Ying W, Li Q, Meng D, Ren G, Yan R, Peng X (2017) Recent advances of nanomaterial-based membrane for water purification. Appl Mater Today 7:144–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shannon MA, Bohn PW, Elimelech M, Georgiadis JG, Marinas BJ, Mayes AM (2009) Science and technology for water purification in the coming decades. In: Nanoscience and technology: a collection of reviews from Nature Journals. World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore, pp 337–346.  https://doi.org/10.1142/9789814287005_0035
  15. 15.
    Santhosh C, Velmurugan V, Jacob G, Jeong SK, Grace AN, Bhatnagar A (2016) Role of nanomaterials in water treatment applications: a review. Chem Eng J 306:1116–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Safarpour M, Khataee A (2019) Chapter 15 – Graphene-based materials for water purification. In: Thomas S, Pasquini D, Leu S-Y, Gopakumar DA (eds) Nanoscale materials in water purification. Elsevier, New York, pp 383–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tu TH, Cam PTN, Huy LVT, Phong MT, Nam HM, Hieu NH (2018) Synthesis and application of graphene oxide aerogel as an adsorbent for removal of dyes from water. Mater Lett 238:134–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hosseini M, Azamat J, Erfan-Niya H (2019) Water desalination through fluorine-functionalized nanoporous graphene oxide membranes. Mater Chem Phys 223:277–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Huang H-H, Joshi RK, De Silva KKH, Badam R, Yoshimura M (2019) Fabrication of reduced graphene oxide membranes for water desalination. J Membr Sci 572:12–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Liu T, Li Y, Du Q, Sun J, Jiao Y, Yang G, Wang Z, Xia Y, Zhang W, Wang K (2012) Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by graphene. Colloids Surf B: Biointerfaces 90:197–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Xu P, Zeng GM, Huang DL, Feng CL, Hu S, Zhao MH, Lai C, Wei Z, Huang C, Xie GX (2012) Use of iron oxide nanomaterials in wastewater treatment: a review. Sci Total Environ 424:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lu H, Wang J, Stoller M, Wang T, Bao Y, Hao H (2016) An overview of nanomaterials for water and wastewater treatment. Adv Mater Sci Eng 2016:10Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Velayi E, Norouzbeigi R (2018) Synthesis of hierarchical superhydrophobic zinc oxide nano-structures for oil/water separation. Ceram Int 44:14202–14208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Yeom C, Kim Y (2016) Purification of oily seawater/wastewater using superhydrophobic nano-silica coated mesh and sponge. J Ind Eng Chem 40:47–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Dankovich TA, Smith JA (2014) Incorporation of copper nanoparticles into paper for point-of-use water purification. Water Res 63:245–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mohammed AN (2018) Resistance of bacterial pathogens to calcium hypochlorite disinfectant and evaluate the usability of treated-filter paper impregnated in Nano-silver composite for drinking water purification. J Glob Antimicrob Resist 16:28–35Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kowalska E, Endo M, Wei Z, Wang K, Janczarek M (2019) Chapter 21 – Noble metal nanoparticles for water purification. In: Thomas S, Pasquini D, Leu S-Y, Gopakumar DA (eds) Nanoscale materials in water purification. Elsevier, London, pp 553–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Carpenter AW, de Lannoy C-FO, Wiesner MR (2015) Cellulose nanomaterials in water treatment technologies. Environ Sci Technol 49:5277–5287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Şimşek B, Sevgili İ, Ceran ÖB, Korucu H, Şara O.N (2019) Nanomaterials based drinking water purification: comparative study with a conventional water purification process. Period Polytech Chem Eng 63(1):96–112Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tarigh GD, Shemirani F (2013) Magnetic multi-wall carbon nanotube nanocomposite as an adsorbent for preconcentration and determination of lead (II) and manganese (II) in various matrices. Talanta 115:744–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Jahanshahi D, Vahid B, Azamat J (2018) Computational study on the ability of functionalized graphene nanosheet for nitrate removal from water. Chem Phys 511:20–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Masoumi A, Hemmati K, Ghaemy M (2016) Low-cost nanoparticles sorbent from modified rice husk and a copolymer for efficient removal of Pb (II) and crystal violet from water. Chemosphere 146:253–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Tyagi I, Gupta V, Sadegh H, Ghoshekandi R, Makhlouf ASH (2017) Nanoparticles as adsorbent; a positive approach for removal of noxious metal ions: a review. Sci Technol Dev 34:195–214Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Singh S, Barick K, Bahadur D (2013) Fe3O4 embedded ZnO nanocomposites for the removal of toxic metal ions, organic dyes and bacterial pathogens. J Mater Chem A 1:3325–3333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lee Y-C, Yang J-W (2012) Self-assembled flower-like TiO2 on exfoliated graphite oxide for heavy metal removal. J Ind Eng Chem 18:1178–1185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mittal H, Maity A, Ray SS (2016) Gum karaya based hydrogel nanocomposites for the effective removal of cationic dyes from aqueous solutions. Appl Surf Sci 364:917–930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Lin S, Yang Y, Chen G, Chen X, Zhang W, Xu M, Liu L, Lin K (2017) Study on the influence of thiolation on the adsorption and magnetic recovery of superparamagnetic nanoadsorbents for Cd2+ removal. Appl Surf Sci 425:141–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Khajeh M, Sanchooli E (2011) Synthesis and evaluation of silver nanoparticles material for solid phase extraction of cobalt from water samples. Appl Nanosci 1:205–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Brobbey KJ, Haapanen J, Gunell M, Mäkelä JM, Eerola E, Toivakka M, Saarinen JJ (2017) One-step flame synthesis of silver nanoparticles for roll-to-roll production of antibacterial paper. Appl Surf Sci 420:558–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Song B, Zhang C, Zeng G, Gong J, Chang Y, Jiang Y (2016) Antibacterial properties and mechanism of graphene oxide-silver nanocomposites as bactericidal agents for water disinfection. Arch Biochem Biophys 604:167–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Das MR, Sarma RK, Borah SC, Kumari R, Saikia R, Deshmukh AB, Shelke MV, Sengupta P, Szunerits S, Boukherroub R (2013) The synthesis of citrate-modified silver nanoparticles in an aqueous suspension of graphene oxide nanosheets and their antibacterial activity. Colloids Surf B: Biointerfaces 105:128–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Morsi RE, Alsabagh AM, Nasr SA, Zaki MM (2017) Multifunctional nanocomposites of chitosan, silver nanoparticles, copper nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes for water treatment: antimicrobial characteristics. Int J Biol Macromol 97:264–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Peng J-m, Lin J-c, Chen Z-y, Wei M-c, Fu Y-x, Lu S-s, Yu D-s, Zhao W (2017) Enhanced antimicrobial activities of silver-nanoparticle-decorated reduced graphene nanocomposites against oral pathogens. Mater Sci Eng C 71:10–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Faria AF, Liu C, Xie M, Perreault F, Nghiem LD, Ma J, Elimelech M (2017) Thin-film composite forward osmosis membranes functionalized with graphene oxide–silver nanocomposites for biofouling control. J Membr Sci 525:146–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Fernández JG, Almeida CA, Fernández-Baldo MA, Felici E, Raba J, Sanz MI (2016) Development of nitrocellulose membrane filters impregnated with different biosynthesized silver nanoparticles applied to water purification. Talanta 146:237–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Chowdhury S, Balasubramanian R (2014) Recent advances in the use of graphene-family nanoadsorbents for removal of toxic pollutants from wastewater. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 204:35–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Yu S, Wang X, Pang H, Zhang R, Song W, Fu D, Hayat T, Wang X (2018) Boron nitride-based materials for the removal of pollutants from aqueous solutions: a review. Chem Eng J 333:343–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Dubey S, Banerjee S, Upadhyay SN, Sharma YC (2017) Application of common nano-materials for removal of selected metallic species from water and wastewaters: a critical review. J Mol Liq 240:656–677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Martinez-Boubeta C, Simeonidis K (2019) Chapter 20 – Magnetic nanoparticles for water purification. In: Thomas S, Pasquini D, Leu S-Y, Gopakumar DA (eds) Nanoscale materials in water purification. Elsevier, New York, pp 521–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Khan ST, Malik A (2019) Engineered nanomaterials for water decontamination and purification: from lab to products. J Hazard Mater 363:295–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Ahmed M, Giwa A, Hasan SW (2019) Chapter 26 – Challenges and opportunities of graphene-based materials in current desalination and water purification technologies. In: Thomas S, Pasquini D, Leu S-Y, Gopakumar DA (eds) Nanoscale materials in water purification. Elsevier, New York, pp 735–758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Mi X, Vijayaragavan KS, Heldt CL (2014) Virus adsorption of water-stable quaternized chitosan nanofibers. Carbohydr Res 387:24–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Zheng X, Chen D, Wang Z, Lei Y, Cheng R (2013) Nano-TiO2 membrane adsorption reactor (MAR) for virus removal in drinking water. Chem Eng J 230:180–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Nazem-Bokaee H, Fallahianbijan F, Chen D, O’Donnell SM, Carbrello C, Giglia S, Bell D, Zydney AL (2018) Probing pore structure of virus filters using scanning electron microscopy with gold nanoparticles. J Membr Sci 552:144–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Singh NB, Nagpal G, Agrawal S (2018) Rachna, water purification by using adsorbents: a review. Environ Technol Innov 11:187–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Boruah PK, Borthakur P, Das MR (2019) Chapter 18 – Magnetic metal/metal oxide nanoparticles and nanocomposite materials for water purification. In: Thomas S, Pasquini D, Leu S-Y, Gopakumar DA (eds) Nanoscale materials in water purification. Elsevier, New York, pp 473–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Sun P, Wang K, Zhu H (2016) Recent developments in graphene-based membranes: structure, mass-transport mechanism and potential applications. Adv Mater 28:2287–2310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Huang L, Zhang M, Li C, Shi G (2015) Graphene-based membranes for molecular separation. J Phys Chem Lett 6:2806–2815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Hegab HM, Zou L (2015) Graphene oxide-assisted membranes: fabrication and potential applications in desalination and water purification. J Membr Sci 484:95–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Aba NFD, Chong JY, Wang B, Mattevi C, Li K (2015) Graphene oxide membranes on ceramic hollow fibers – microstructural stability and nanofiltration performance. J Membr Sci 484:87–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Goh K, Setiawan L, Wei L, Si R, Fane AG, Wang R, Chen Y (2015) Graphene oxide as effective selective barriers on a hollow fiber membrane for water treatment process. J Membr Sci 474:244–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Ng LY, Chemmangattuvalappil NG, Ng DKS (2015) Robust chemical product design via fuzzy optimisation approach. Comput Chem Eng 83:186–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Zhao Y, Sun Y, Gao B, Wang Y, Yang Y (2017) Inhibition of disinfection by-product formation in silver nanoparticle-humic acid water treatment. Sep Purif Technol 184:158–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Popescu RC, Fufă MOM, Grumezescu AM, Holban A.M (2017) 12 –Nanostructured membranes for the microbiological purification of drinking water. In: Grumezescu AM (ed) Water purification. Academic, Cambridge, MA, pp 421–446Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Bryaskova R, Georgieva N, Pencheva D, Todorova Z, Lazarova N, Kantardjiev T (2014) Synthesis and characterization of hybrid materials with embedded silver nanoparticles and their application as antimicrobial matrices for waste water purification. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 444:114–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Mirzajani F, Motevalli SM, Jabbari S, Ranaei Siadat SO, Sefidbakht Y (2017) Recombinant acetylcholinesterase purification and its interaction with silver nanoparticle. Protein Expr Purif 136:58–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Qu X, Alvarez PJ, Li Q (2013) Applications of nanotechnology in water and wastewater treatment. Water Res 47:3931–3946CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Liu F, Abed MM, Li K (2011) Preparation and characterization of poly (vinylidene fluoride)(PVDF) based ultrafiltration membranes using nano γ-Al2O3. J Membr Sci 366:97–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Liang S, Xiao K, Mo Y, Huang X (2012) A novel ZnO nanoparticle blended polyvinylidene fluoride membrane for anti-irreversible fouling. J Membr Sci 394:184–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Sun X-F, Qin J, Xia P-F, Guo B-B, Yang C-M, Song C, Wang S-G (2015) Graphene oxide–silver nanoparticle membrane for biofouling control and water purification. Chem Eng J 281:53–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Rahimpour A, Jahanshahi M, Rajaeian B, Rahimnejad M (2011) TiO2 entrapped nano-composite PVDF/SPES membranes: preparation, characterization, antifouling and antibacterial properties. Desalination 278:343–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Zhang Q, Fan Y, Xu N (2009) Effect of the surface properties on filtration performance of Al2O3–TiO2 composite membrane. Sep Purif Technol 66:306–312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Chen X, Liu G, Zhang H, Fan Y (2015) Fabrication of graphene oxide composite membranes and their application for pervaporation dehydration of butanol. Chin J Chem Eng 23:1102–1109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Lingamdinne LP, Koduru JR, Karri RR (2019) A comprehensive review of applications of magnetic graphene oxide based nanocomposites for sustainable water purification. J Environ Manag 231:622–634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Huang T, Zhou R, Cui J, Zhang J, Tang X, Chen S, Feng J, Liu H (2018) Fast and cost-effective preparation of antimicrobial zinc oxide embedded in activated carbon composite for water purification applications. Mater Chem Phys 206:124–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Yousefi M, Dadashpour M, Hejazi M, Hasanzadeh M, Behnam B, de la Guardia M, Shadjou N, Mokhtarzadeh A (2017) Anti-bacterial activity of graphene oxide as a new weapon nanomaterial to combat multidrug-resistance bacteria. Mater Sci Eng C 74:568–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Kümmerer K (2008) Pharmaceuticals in the environment: sources, fate, effects and risks. Springer Science & Business Media, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Ali I, Aboul-Enein HY (2006) Instrumental methods in metal ion speciation. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Ali I, Aboul-Enein HY (2005) Chiral pollutants: distribution, toxicity and analysis by chromatography and capillary electrophoresis. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Carabineiro S, Thavorn-Amornsri T, Pereira M, Serp P, Figueiredo J (2012) Comparison between activated carbon, carbon xerogel and carbon nanotubes for the adsorption of the antibiotic ciprofloxacin. Catal Today 186:29–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Li H, Zhang D, Han X, Xing B (2014) Adsorption of antibiotic ciprofloxacin on carbon nanotubes: pH dependence and thermodynamics. Chemosphere 95:150–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Li S, Zhang X, Huang Y (2017) Zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 derived nanoporous carbon as an effective and recyclable adsorbent for removal of ciprofloxacin antibiotics from water. J Hazard Mater 321:711–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Li X, Wang W, Dou J, Gao J, Chen S, Quan X, Zhao H (2016) Dynamic adsorption of ciprofloxacin on carbon nanofibers: quantitative measurement by in situ fluorescence. J Water Process Eng 9:e14–e20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Tonucci MC, Gurgel LVA, de Aquino SF (2015) Activated carbons from agricultural byproducts (pine tree and coconut shell), coal, and carbon nanotubes as adsorbents for removal of sulfamethoxazole from spiked aqueous solutions: kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Ind Crop Prod 74:111–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Ou J, Mei M, Xu X (2016) Magnetic adsorbent constructed from the loading of amino functionalized Fe3O4 on coordination complex modified polyoxometalates nanoparticle and its tetracycline adsorption removal property study. J Solid State Chem 238:182–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Meng X, Liu Z, Deng C, Zhu M, Wang D, Li K, Deng Y, Jiang M (2016) Microporous nano-MgO/diatomite ceramic membrane with high positive surface charge for tetracycline removal. J Hazard Mater 320:495–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Huang B, Liu Y, Li B, Liu S, Zeng G, Zeng Z, Wang X, Ning Q, Zheng B, Yang C (2017) Effect of Cu (II) ions on the enhancement of tetracycline adsorption by Fe3O4@ SiO2-chitosan/graphene oxide nanocomposite. Carbohydr Polym 157:576–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Ji L, Chen W, Duan L, Zhu D (2009) Mechanisms for strong adsorption of tetracycline to carbon nanotubes: a comparative study using activated carbon and graphite as adsorbents. Environ Sci Technol 43:2322–2327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Stan M, Lung I, Soran M-L, Leostean C, Popa A, Stefan M, Lazar MD, Opris O, Silipas T-D, Porav AS (2017) Removal of antibiotics from aqueous solutions by green synthesized magnetite nanoparticles with selected agro-waste extracts. Process Saf Environ Prot 107:357–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Fakhri A, Behrouz S (2015) Comparison studies of adsorption properties of MgO nanoparticles and ZnO–MgO nanocomposites for linezolid antibiotic removal from aqueous solution using response surface methodology. Process Saf Environ Prot 94:37–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Fakhri A, Behrouz S (2015) Improved uptake of steroid hormone from aqueous solution using γ-Fe2O3/NiO nanocomposites. J Ind Eng Chem 26:61–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Al-Khateeb LA, Hakami W, Salam MA (2017) Removal of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs from water using high surface area nanographene: kinetic and thermodynamic studies. J Mol Liq 241:733–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Ali I, Alothman ZA, Alwarthan A (2017) Supra molecular mechanism of the removal of 17-β-estradiol endocrine disturbing pollutant from water on functionalized iron nano particles. J Mol Liq 241:123–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Lai B-H, Chang C-H, Yeh C-C, Chen D-H (2013) Direct binding of Concanvalin A onto iron oxide nanoparticles for fast magnetic selective separation of lactoferrin. Sep Purif Technol 108:83–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Castiglioni S, Bagnati R, Fanelli R, Pomati F, Calamari D, Zuccato E (2006) Removal of pharmaceuticals in sewage treatment plants in Italy. Environ Sci Technol 40:357–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Heberer T (2002) Occurrence, fate, and removal of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment: a review of recent research data. Toxicol Lett 131:5–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Rivera-Utrilla J, Sánchez-Polo M, Ferro-García MÁ, Prados-Joya G, Ocampo-Pérez R (2013) Pharmaceuticals as emerging contaminants and their removal from water. A review. Chemosphere 93:1268–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 98.
    Yadav M, Gupta R, Sharma RK (2019) Chapter 14 – Green and sustainable pathways for wastewater purification. In: Ahuja S (ed) Advances in water purification techniques. Elsevier, New York, pp 355–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Teodosiu C, Gilca A-F, Barjoveanu G, Fiore S (2018) Emerging pollutants removal through advanced drinking water treatment: a review on processes and environmental performances assessment. J Clean Prod 197:1210–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Yalçın H (2010) Su teknolojisi. Palme Yayıncılık, YayıneviGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Cheremisinoff NP (2001) Handbook of water and wastewater treatment technologies. Butterworth-Heinemann, LondonGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Singh R (2015) Chapter 2 – Water and membrane treatment. In: Singh R (ed) Membrane technology and engineering for water purification, 2nd edn. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, pp 81–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Behbahani M, Moghaddam MA, Arami M (2011) Techno-economical evaluation of fluoride removal by electrocoagulation process: optimization through response surface methodology. Desalination 271:209–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Chubar N (2011) New inorganic (an) ion exchangers based on Mg–Al hydrous oxides:(Alkoxide-free) sol–gel synthesis and characterisation. J Colloid Interface Sci 357:198–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Coman V, Robotin B, Ilea P (2013) Nickel recovery/removal from industrial wastes: a review. Resour Conserv Recycl 73:229–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Arribas P, Khayet M, García-Payo M, Gil L (2015) Novel and emerging membranes for water treatment by hydrostatic pressure and vapor pressure gradient membrane processes. In: Basile A, Cassano A, Rastogi N (eds) Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment. Elsevier/Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Sawston, pp 239–285Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Fu F, Wang Q (2011) Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: a review. J Environ Manag 92:407–418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Kurniawan TA, Chan GY, Lo W-H, Babel S (2006) Physico–chemical treatment techniques for wastewater laden with heavy metals. Chem Eng J 118:83–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Ferroudj N, Nzimoto J, Davidson A, Talbot D, Briot E, Dupuis V, Bée A, Medjram MS, Abramson S (2013) Maghemite nanoparticles and maghemite/silica nanocomposite microspheres as magnetic Fenton catalysts for the removal of water pollutants. Appl Catal B Environ 136:9–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Brame J, Li Q, Alvarez PJ (2011) Nanotechnology-enabled water treatment and reuse: emerging opportunities and challenges for developing countries. Trends Food Sci Technol 22:618–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    TCa P, Sharmaa SK, Kennedya M (2017) Development of iron oxide nanoparticle adsorbents for arsenic and fluoride removal. Desalination Water Treat 67:187–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 112.
    Das R, Ali ME, Hamid SBA, Ramakrishna S, Chowdhury ZZ (2014) Carbon nanotube membranes for water purification: a bright future in water desalination. Desalination 336:97–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Zhao L, Deng J, Sun P, Liu J, Ji Y, Nakada N, Qiao Z, Tanaka H, Yang Y (2018) Nanomaterials for treating emerging contaminants in water by adsorption and photocatalysis: systematic review and bibliometric analysis. Sci Total Environ 627:1253–1263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Limousin G, Gaudet J-P, Charlet L, Szenknect S, Barthes V, Krimissa M (2007) Sorption isotherms: a review on physical bases, modeling and measurement. Appl Geochem 22:249–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Bulut E, Özacar M, Şengil İA (2008) Adsorption of malachite green onto bentonite: equilibrium and kinetic studies and process design. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 115:234–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Foo KY, Hameed BH (2010) Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems. Chem Eng J 156:2–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Li Q, Mahendra S, Lyon DY, Brunet L, Liga MV, Li D, Alvarez PJ (2008) Antimicrobial nanomaterials for water disinfection and microbial control: potential applications and implications. Water Res 42:4591–4602CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Sharma SK, Kennedy M (2018) Nanoparticles in household level water treatment: an overview. Sep Purif Technol 199:260–270CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Klauson D, Babkina J, Stepanova K, Krichevskaya M, Preis S (2010) Aqueous photocatalytic oxidation of amoxicillin. Catal Today 151:39–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Sánchez-Polo M, Rivera-Utrilla J, Prados-Joya G, Ferro-García MA, Bautista-Toledo I (2008) Removal of pharmaceutical compounds, nitroimidazoles, from waters by using the ozone/carbon system. Water Res 42:4163–4171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Jie G, Kongyin Z, Xinxin Z, Zhijiang C, Min C, Tian C, Junfu W (2015) Preparation and characterization of carboxyl multi-walled carbon nanotubes/calcium alginate composite hydrogel nano-filtration membrane. Mater Lett 157:112–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Barakat M (2011) New trends in removing heavy metals from industrial wastewater. Arab J Chem 4:361–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Kalantar-Zadeh K, Fry B (2008) Nanotechnology-enabled sensors, Chapter 5, Characterization techniques for nanomaterials. Springer US, Boston, pp 211–281Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Mourdikoudis S, Pallares RM, Thanh NTK (2018) Characterization techniques for nanoparticles: comparison and complementarity upon studying nanoparticle properties. Nanoscale 10:12871–12934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Geim AK, Novoselov KS (2007) The rise of graphene. Nat Mater 6:183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Duan X, Chen Y, Liu X, Chang L (2017) Synthesis and characterization of nanometal-ordered mesoporous carbon composites as heterogeneous catalysts for electrooxidation of aniline. Electrochim Acta 251:270–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Novoselov KS, Geim AK, Morozov SV, Jiang D, Zhang Y, Dubonos SV, Grigorieva IV, Firsov AA (2004) Electric field in atomically thin carbon films. Science 306:666–669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Şimşek B (2018) TOPSIS based Taguchi design optimization for CVD growth of graphene using different carbon sources: graphene thickness, defectiveness and homogeneity. Chin J Chem EngGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Ferrari AC (2007) Raman spectroscopy of graphene and graphite: disorder, electron–phonon coupling, doping and nonadiabatic effects. Solid State Commun 143:47–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Michailidis N, Stergioudi F, Seventekidis P, Tsouknidas A, Sagris D (2016) Production of porous copper with high surface area for efficient water purification. CIRP J Manuf Sci Technol 13:85–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Bai H, Zan X, Juay J, Sun DD (2015) Hierarchical heteroarchitectures functionalized membrane for high efficient water purification. J Membr Sci 475:245–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    García A, Delgado L, Torà JA, Casals E, González E, Puntes V, Font X, Carrera J, Sánchez A (2012) Effect of cerium dioxide, titanium dioxide, silver, and gold nanoparticles on the activity of microbial communities intended in wastewater treatment. J Hazard Mater 199:64–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Sushmita Banerjee SD, Gautam RK, Chattopadhyaya MC, Sharma YC (2017) Adsorption characteristics of alumina nanoparticles for the removal of hazardous dye, Orange G from aqueous solutions. Arab J Chem 10:S3073–S3083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Jain S, Bhanjana G, Heydarifard S, Dilbaghi N, Nazhad MM, Kumar V, Kim K-H, Kumar S (2018) Enhanced antibacterial profile of nanoparticle impregnated cellulose foam filter paper for drinking water filtration. Carbohydr Polym 202:219–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Hosseini S, Amini S, Khodabakhshi A, Bagheripour E, Van der Bruggen B (2018) Activated carbon nanoparticles entrapped mixed matrix polyethersulfone based nanofiltration membrane for sulfate and copper removal from water. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 82:169–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Choudhury P, Mondal P, Majumdar S, Saha S, Sahoo GC (2018) Preparation of ceramic ultrafiltration membrane using green synthesized CuO nanoparticles for chromium (VI) removal and optimization by response surface methodology. J Clean Prod 203:511–520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Bankole M, Abdulkareem A, Tijani J, Ochigbo S, Afolabi A, Roos W (2017) Chemical oxygen demand removal from electroplating wastewater by purified and polymer functionalized carbon nanotubes adsorbents. Water Resour Ind 18:33–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Katata-Seru L, Moremedi T, Aremu OS, Bahadur I (2018) Green synthesis of iron nanoparticles using Moringa oleifera extracts and their applications: removal of nitrate from water and antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. J Mol Liq 256:296–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Akin I, Arslan G, Tor A, Ersoz M, Cengeloglu Y (2012) Arsenic (V) removal from underground water by magnetic nanoparticles synthesized from waste red mud. J Hazard Mater 235:62–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Gora S, Liang R, Zhou YN, Andrews S (2018) Settleable engineered titanium dioxide nanomaterials for the removal of natural organic matter from drinking water. Chem Eng J 334:638–649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Tan M, Qiu G, Ting Y-P (2015) Effects of ZnO nanoparticles on wastewater treatment and their removal behavior in a membrane bioreactor. Bioresour Technol 185:125–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Lim JY, Mubarak NM, Abdullah EC, Nizamuddin S, Khalid M, Inamuddin (2018) Recent trends in the synthesis of graphene and graphene oxide based nanomaterials for removal of heavy metals – a review. J Ind Eng Chem 66:29–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    An S, Joshi BN, Lee J-G, Lee MW, Kim YI, Kim M-w, Jo HS, Yoon SS (2017) A comprehensive review on wettability, desalination, and purification using graphene-based materials at water interfaces. Catal Today 295:14–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Sadegh H, Ali GAM, Gupta VK, Makhlouf ASH, Shahryari-ghoshekandi R, Nadagouda MN, Sillanpää M, Megiel E (2017) The role of nanomaterials as effective adsorbents and their applications in wastewater treatment. J Nanostruct Chem 7:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Stafiej A, Pyrzynska K (2008) Solid phase extraction of metal ions using carbon nanotubes. Microchem J 89:29–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Madadrang CJ, Kim HY, Gao G, Wang N, Zhu J, Feng H, Gorring M, Kasner ML, Hou S (2012) Adsorption behavior of EDTA-graphene oxide for Pb (II) removal. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:1186–1193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Hao L, Song H, Zhang L, Wan X, Tang Y, Lv Y (2012) SiO2/graphene composite for highly selective adsorption of Pb (II) ion. J Colloid Interface Sci 369:381–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Hur J, Shin J, Yoo J, Seo Y-S (2015) Competitive adsorption of metals onto magnetic graphene oxide: comparison with other carbonaceous adsorbents. Sci World J 2015:836287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Kumar S, Nair RR, Pillai PB, Gupta SN, Iyengar M, Sood A (2014) Graphene oxide–MnFe2O4 magnetic nanohybrids for efficient removal of lead and arsenic from water. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:17426–17436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Wang Y, Liang S, Chen B, Guo F, Yu S, Tang Y (2013) Synergistic removal of Pb (II), Cd (II) and humic acid by Fe3O4@ mesoporous silica-graphene oxide composites. PLoS One 8:e65634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Zhang Y, Yan L, Xu W, Guo X, Cui L, Gao L, Wei Q, Du B (2014) Adsorption of Pb (II) and Hg (II) from aqueous solution using magnetic CoFe2O4-reduced graphene oxide. J Mol Liq 191:177–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Ma X, Wang Y, Gao M, Xu H, Li G (2010) A novel strategy to prepare ZnO/PbS heterostructured functional nanocomposite utilizing the surface adsorption property of ZnO nanosheets. Catal Today 158:459–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Afkhami A, Saber-Tehrani M, Bagheri H (2010) Simultaneous removal of heavy-metal ions in wastewater samples using nano-alumina modified with 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. J Hazard Mater 181:836–844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Jiao C, Xiong J, Tao J, Xu S, Zhang D, Lin H, Chen Y (2016) Sodium alginate/graphene oxide aerogel with enhanced strength–toughness and its heavy metal adsorption study. Int J Biol Macromol 83:133–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 155.
    WHO (2011) Arsenic in drinking-water. Background document for preparation of WHO guidelines for drinking-water quality. World Health Organization (WHO/SDE/WSH/03.04/75/Rev/1), GenevaGoogle Scholar
  156. 156.
    W.H. Organization (2001) Environmental health criteria 224: arsenic and arsenic compounds. World Health Organization, Geneva, pp 1–108Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Christoforidou EP, Riza E, Kales SN, Hadjistavrou K, Stoltidi M, Kastania AN, Linos A (2013) Bladder cancer and arsenic through drinking water: a systematic review of epidemiologic evidence. J Environ Sci Health A 48:1764–1775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Feng L, Cao M, Ma X, Zhu Y, Hu C (2012) Superparamagnetic high-surface-area Fe3O4 nanoparticles as adsorbents for arsenic removal. J Hazard Mater 217–218:439–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 159.
    Darban AK, Kianinia Y, Taheri-Nassaj E (2013) Synthesis of nano-alumina powder from impure kaolin and its application for arsenite removal from aqueous solutions. J Environ Health Sci Eng 11:19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Hu J, Chen G, Lo IMC (2005) Removal and recovery of Cr(VI) from wastewater by maghemite nanoparticles. Water Res 39:4528–4536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Chandra V, Park J, Chun Y, Lee JW, Hwang I-C, Kim KS (2010) Water-dispersible magnetite-reduced graphene oxide composites for arsenic removal. ACS Nano 4:3979–3986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Huong PTL, Phan VN, Huy TQ, Nam MH, Lam VD, Le A-T (2016) Application of graphene oxide-MnFe 2 O 4 magnetic nanohybrids as magnetically separable adsorbent for highly efficient removal of arsenic from water. J Electron Mater 45:2372–2380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 163.
    Pourbeyram S, Alizadeh S, Gholizadeh S (2016) Simultaneous removal of arsenate and arsenite from aqueous solutions by graphene oxide-zirconium (GO-Zr) nanocomposite. J Environ Chem Eng 4:4366–4373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Yoon Y, Park WK, Hwang T-M, Yoon DH, Yang WS, Kang J-W (2016) Comparative evaluation of magnetite–graphene oxide and magnetite-reduced graphene oxide composite for As (III) and As (V) removal. J Hazard Mater 304:196–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Sakthivel TS, Das S, Pratt CJ, Seal S (2017) One-pot synthesis of a ceria–graphene oxide composite for the efficient removal of arsenic species. Nanoscale 9:3367–3374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Ntim SA, Mitra S (2012) Adsorption of arsenic on multiwall carbon nanotube–zirconia nanohybrid for potential drinking water purification. J Colloid Interface Sci 375:154–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Ma J, Zhu Z, Chen B, Yang M, Zhou H, Li C, Yu F, Chen J (2013) One-pot, large-scale synthesis of magnetic activated carbon nanotubes and their applications for arsenic removal. J Mater Chem A 1:4662–4666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Zhang G, Ren Z, Zhang X, Chen J (2013) Nanostructured iron (III)-copper (II) binary oxide: a novel adsorbent for enhanced arsenic removal from aqueous solutions. Water Res 47:4022–4031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Kong S, Wang Y, Zhan H, Yuan S, Yu M, Liu M (2014) Adsorption/oxidation of arsenic in groundwater by nanoscale Fe-Mn binary oxides loaded on zeolite. Water Environ Res 86:147–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Lata S, Samadder SR (2016) Removal of arsenic from water using nano adsorbents and challenges: a review. J Environ Manag 166:387–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Edition F (2011) Guidelines for drinking-water quality. WHO Chron 38:104–108Google Scholar
  172. 172.
    Hua M, Zhang S, Pan B (2011) Development of polymer-based nanosized hydrated ferric oxides (HFOs) for enhanced phosphate removal from waste effluents. J Hazard Mater 211:317Google Scholar
  173. 173.
    Salam MA (2013) Coating carbon nanotubes with crystalline manganese dioxide nanoparticles and their application for lead ions removal from model and real water. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 419:69–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 174.
    Chang Y-C, Chen D-H (2005) Preparation and adsorption properties of monodisperse chitosan-bound Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles for removal of Cu (II) ions. J Colloid Interface Sci 283:446–451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Visa M, Carcel RA, Andronic L, Duta A (2009) Advanced treatment of wastewater with methyl orange and heavy metals on TiO2, fly ash and their mixtures. Catal Today 144:137–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Doong R-A, Chiang L-F (2008) Coupled removal of organic compounds and heavy metals by titanate/carbon nanotube composites. Water Sci Technol 58:1985–1992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Ozmen M, Can K, Arslan G, Tor A, Cengeloglu Y, Ersoz M (2010) Adsorption of Cu (II) from aqueous solution by using modified Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles. Desalination 254:162–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Sitko R, Turek E, Zawisza B, Malicka E, Talik E, Heimann J, Gagor A, Feist B, Wrzalik R (2013) Adsorption of divalent metal ions from aqueous solutions using graphene oxide. Dalton Trans 42:5682–5689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 179.
    Hadi Najafabadi H, Irani M, Roshanfekr Rad L, Heydari Haratameh A, Haririan I (2015) Removal of Cu2+, Pb2+ and Cr6+ from aqueous solutions using a chitosan/graphene oxide composite nanofibrous adsorbent. RSC Adv 5:16532–16539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 180.
    Li L, Bai X, Sun Y, Wang W, Xu G (2015) Vacuum annealing process of 1J50 soft magnetic alloy. Jinshu Rechuli/Heat Treat Met 40:150–152Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Yu S, Wang X, Ai Y, Liang Y, Ji Y, Li J, Hayat T, Alsaedi A, Wang X (2016) Spectroscopic and theoretical studies on the counterion effect of Cu(ii) ion and graphene oxide interaction with titanium dioxide. Environ Sci Nano 3:1361–1368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Kumar R, Barakat MA, Daza YA, Woodcock HL, Kuhn JN (2013) EDTA functionalized silica for removal of Cu(II), Zn(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution. J Colloid Interface Sci 408:200–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Nandi D, Basu T, Debnath S, Ghosh AK, De A, Ghosh UC (2013) Mechanistic insight for the sorption of Cd(II) and Cu(II) from aqueous solution on magnetic mn-doped Fe(III) oxide nanoparticle implanted graphene. J Chem Eng Data 58:2809–2818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 184.
    Adeli M, Yamini Y, Faraji M (2017) Removal of copper, nickel and zinc by sodium dodecyl sulphate coated magnetite nanoparticles from water and wastewater samples. Arab J Chem 10:S514–S521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    J.F.W.E.C.o.F.A. Meeting, W.H. Organization (2006) Safety evaluation of certain food additives. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Zuane JD (1990) Handbook of drinking water quality: standards and controls. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    J.F.W.E.C.o.F.A. Meeting, W.H. Organization (2007) Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants: sixty-eighth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Cheung C, Porter J, McKay G (2001) Sorption kinetic analysis for the removal of cadmium ions from effluents using bone char. Water Res 35:605–612CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Chowdhury SR, Yanful EK (2013) Kinetics of cadmium(II) uptake by mixed maghemite-magnetite nanoparticles. J Environ Manag 129:642–651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. 190.
    Sheela T, Nayaka YA, Viswanatha R, Basavanna S, Venkatesha TG (2012) Kinetics and thermodynamics studies on the adsorption of Zn(II), Cd(II) and Hg(II) from aqueous solution using zinc oxide nanoparticles. Powder Technol 217:163–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 191.
    Tofighy MA, Mohammadi T (2011) Adsorption of divalent heavy metal ions from water using carbon nanotube sheets. J Hazard Mater 185:140–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 192.
    Luo C, Wei R, Guo D, Zhang S, Yan S (2013) Adsorption behavior of MnO2 functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes for the removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions. Chem Eng J 225:406–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Li YH, Wang S, Luan Z, Ding J, Xu C, Wu D (2003) Adsorption of cadmium(II) from aqueous solution by surface oxidized carbon nanotubes. Carbon 41:1057–1062CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Wu S, Zhang K, Wang X, Jia Y, Sun B, Luo T, Meng F, Jin Z, Lin D, Shen W, Kong L, Liu J (2015) Enhanced adsorption of cadmium ions by 3D sulfonated reduced graphene oxide. Chem Eng J 262:1292–1302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 195.
    Zhou G, Liu C, Tang Y, Luo S, Zeng Z, Liu Y, Xu R, Chu L (2015) Sponge-like polysiloxane-graphene oxide gel as a highly efficient and renewable adsorbent for lead and cadmium metals removal from wastewater. Chem Eng J 280:275–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Awual MR, Khraisheh M, Alharthi NH, Luqman M, Islam A, Rezaul Karim M, Rahman MM, Khaleque MA (2018) Efficient detection and adsorption of cadmium(II) ions using innovative nano-composite materials. Chem Eng J 343:118–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    W.H. Organization (2003) Selenium in drinking-water: background document for development of WHO guidelines for drinking-water quality, In: Selenium in drinking-water: background document for development of WHO guidelines for drinking-water quality. World Health Organization, WHO publications, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Recillas S, Colón J, Casals E, González E, Puntes V, Sánchez A, Font X (2010) Chromium VI adsorption on cerium oxide nanoparticles and morphology changes during the process. J Hazard Mater 184:425–431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Bhaumik M, Maity A, Srinivasu VV, Onyango MS (2012) Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution using polypyrrole-polyaniline nanofibers. Chem Eng J 181–182:323–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 200.
    Jabeen H, Chandra V, Jung S, Lee JW, Kim KS, Kim SB (2011) Enhanced Cr(vi) removal using iron nanoparticle decorated graphene. Nanoscale 3:3583–3585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Dinda D, Gupta A, Saha SK (2013) Removal of toxic Cr(vi) by UV-active functionalized graphene oxide for water purification. J Mater Chem A 1:11221–11228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Shokati Poursani A, Nilchi A, Hassani A, Tabibian S, Asad Amraji L (2017) Synthesis of nano-γ-Al2O3/chitosan beads (AlCBs) and continuous heavy metals removal from liquid solution. Int J Environ Sci Technol 14:1459–1468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. 203.
    Mukherjee R, Bhunia P, De S (2016) Impact of graphene oxide on removal of heavy metals using mixed matrix membrane. Chem Eng J 292:284–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    Zhang K, Li H, Xu X, Yu H (2018) Synthesis of reduced graphene oxide/NiO nanocomposites for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous water by adsorption. Microporous Mesoporous Mater 255:7–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    Li L, Duan H, Wang X, Luo C (2014) Adsorption property of Cr(vi) on magnetic mesoporous titanium dioxide-graphene oxide core-shell microspheres. New J Chem 38:6008–6016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Liu M, Wen T, Wu X, Chen C, Hu J, Li J, Wang X (2013) Synthesis of porous Fe3O4 hollow microspheres/ graphene oxide composite for Cr(vi) removal. Dalton Trans 42:14710–14717CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. 207.
    Gholipour M, Hashemipour H (2012) Evaluation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes performance in adsorption and desorption of hexavalent chromium. Chem Ind Chem Eng Q/CICEQ 18:509–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  208. 208.
    Kera NH, Bhaumik M, Pillay K, Ray SS, Maity A (2017) Selective removal of toxic Cr (VI) from aqueous solution by adsorption combined with reduction at a magnetic nanocomposite surface. J Colloid Interface Sci 503:214–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. 209.
    Parvin F, Rikta SY, Tareq SM (2019) 8 – Application of nanomaterials for the removal of heavy metal from wastewater. In: Ahsan A, Ismail AF (eds) Nanotechnology in water and wastewater treatment. Elsevier, New York, pp 137–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Henriques B, Gonçalves G, Emami N, Pereira E, Vila M, Marques PAAP (2016) Optimized graphene oxide foam with enhanced performance and high selectivity for mercury removal from water. J Hazard Mater 301:453–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  211. 211.
    Ghasemi Z, Seif A, Ahmadi TS, Zargar B, Rashidi F, Rouzbahani GM (2012) Thermodynamic and kinetic studies for the adsorption of Hg(II) by nano-TiO2 from aqueous solution. Adv Powder Technol 23:148–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. 212.
    Sreeprasad TS, Maliyekkal SM, Lisha KP, Pradeep T (2011) Reduced graphene oxide-metal/metal oxide composites: facile synthesis and application in water purification. J Hazard Mater 186:921–931CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. 213.
    Hakami O, Zhang Y, Banks CJ (2012) Thiol-functionalised mesoporous silica-coated magnetite nanoparticles for high efficiency removal and recovery of Hg from water. Water Res 46:3913–3922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Sui Z, Meng Q, Zhang X, Ma R, Cao B (2012) Green synthesis of carbon nanotube-graphene hybrid aerogels and their use as versatile agents for water purification. J Mater Chem 22:8767–8771CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Chandra V, Kim KS (2011) Highly selective adsorption of Hg 2+ by a polypyrrole–reduced graphene oxide composite. Chem Commun 47:3942–3944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Wang X, Yang L, Zhang J, Wang C, Li Q (2014) Preparation and characterization of chitosan–poly (vinyl alcohol)/bentonite nanocomposites for adsorption of Hg (II) ions. Chem Eng J 251:404–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Hadavifar M, Bahramifar N, Younesi H, Li Q (2014) Adsorption of mercury ions from synthetic and real wastewater aqueous solution by functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube with both amino and thiolated groups. Chem Eng J 237:217–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Mubarak N, Alicia R, Abdullah E, Sahu J, Haslija AA, Tan J (2013) Statistical optimization and kinetic studies on removal of Zn2+ using functionalized carbon nanotubes and magnetic biochar. J Environ Chem Eng 1:486–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. 219.
    Lu C, Chiu H, Liu C (2006) Removal of zinc(II) from aqueous solution by purified carbon nanotubes: kinetics and equilibrium studies. Ind Eng Chem Res 45:2850–2855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Yang S, Li J, Shao D, Hu J, Wang X (2009) Adsorption of Ni (II) on oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes: effect of contact time, pH, foreign ions and PAA. J Hazard Mater 166:109–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Srivastava V, Weng CH, Singh VK, Sharma YC (2011) Adsorption of nickel ions from aqueous solutions by nano alumina: kinetic, mass transfer, and equilibrium studies. J Chem Eng Data 56:1414–1422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Ren Y, Yan N, Wen Q, Fan Z, Wei T, Zhang M, Ma J (2011) Graphene/δ-MnO2 composite as adsorbent for the removal of nickel ions from wastewater. Chem Eng J 175:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. 223.
    Kandah MI, Meunier J-L (2007) Removal of nickel ions from water by multi-walled carbon nanotubes. J Hazard Mater 146:283–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  224. 224.
    Chen C, Hu J, Shao D, Li J, Wang X (2009) Adsorption behavior of multiwall carbon nanotube/iron oxide magnetic composites for Ni (II) and Sr (II). J Hazard Mater 164:923–928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  225. 225.
    Tan P, Sun J, Hu Y, Fang Z, Bi Q, Chen Y, Cheng J (2015) Adsorption of Cu2+, Cd2+ and Ni2+ from aqueous single metal solutions on graphene oxide membranes. J Hazard Mater 297:251–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Najafi F, Moradi O, Rajabi M, Asif M, Tyagi I, Agarwal S, Gupta VK (2015) Thermodynamics of the adsorption of nickel ions from aqueous phase using graphene oxide and glycine functionalized graphene oxide. J Mol Liq 208:106–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Tran HV, Dai Tran L, Nguyen TN (2010) Preparation of chitosan/magnetite composite beads and their application for removal of Pb (II) and Ni (II) from aqueous solution. Mater Sci Eng C 30:304–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Satheesh R, Vignesh K, Rajarajan M, Suganthi A, Sreekantan S, Kang M, Kwak BS (2016) Removal of congo red from water using quercetin modified α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles as effective nanoadsorbent. Mater Chem Phys 180:53–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. 229.
    Mishra AK, Arockiadoss T, Ramaprabhu S (2010) Study of removal of azo dye by functionalized multi walled carbon nanotubes. Chem Eng J 162:1026–1034CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  230. 230.
    Ling Q, Yang M, Li C, Zhang A (2014) Preparation of highly dispersed Ce–Fe bimetallic oxides on graphene and their superior adsorption ability for Congo red. RSC Adv 4:4020–4027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  231. 231.
    Chawla S, Uppal H, Yadav M, Bahadur N, Singh N (2017) Zinc peroxide nanomaterial as an adsorbent for removal of Congo red dye from waste water. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 135:68–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. 232.
    Su J, He S, Zhao Z, Liu X, Li H (2018) Efficient preparation of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-graphene oxide composite and its adsorption of Congo red from aqueous solutions. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 554:227–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  233. 233.
    Mahapatra A, Mishra BG, Hota G (2013) Adsorptive removal of Congo red dye from wastewater by mixed iron oxide–alumina nanocomposites. Ceram Int 39:5443–5451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  234. 234.
    Ren L, Lin H, Meng F, Zhang F (2019) One-step solvothermal synthesis of Fe3O4@Carbon composites and their application in removing of Cr (VI) and Congo red. Ceram Int 45:9646–9652Google Scholar
  235. 235.
    Xu J, Xu D, Zhu B, Cheng B, Jiang C (2018) Adsorptive removal of an anionic dye Congo red by flower-like hierarchical magnesium oxide (MgO)-graphene oxide composite microspheres. Appl Surf Sci 435:1136–1142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  236. 236.
    Afkhami A, Moosavi R (2010) Adsorptive removal of Congo red, a carcinogenic textile dye, from aqueous solutions by maghemite nanoparticles. J Hazard Mater 174:398–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  237. 237.
    Lei C, Pi M, Xu D, Jiang C, Cheng B (2017) Fabrication of hierarchical porous ZnO-Al2O3 microspheres with enhanced adsorption performance. Appl Surf Sci 426:360–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  238. 238.
    Seyahmazegi EN, Mohammad-Rezaei R, Razmi H (2016) Multiwall carbon nanotubes decorated on calcined eggshell waste as a novel nano-sorbent: application for anionic dye Congo red removal. Chem Eng Res Des 109:824–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  239. 239.
    Alver E, Bulut M, Metin AÜ, Çiftçi H (2017) One step effective removal of Congo red in chitosan nanoparticles by encapsulation. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 171:132–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  240. 240.
    Schierz A, Zänker H (2009) Aqueous suspensions of carbon nanotubes: surface oxidation, colloidal stability and uranium sorption. Environ Pollut 157:1088–1094CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. 241.
    Nilchi A, Dehaghan TS, Garmarodi SR (2013) Kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamics for uranium and thorium ions adsorption from aqueous solutions by crystalline tin oxide nanoparticles. Desalination 321:67–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  242. 242.
    Leal R, Yamaura M (2011) Equilibrium adsorption isotherm of U (VI) at pH 4 and pH 5 onto synthetic magnetite nanoparticles. Int J Nucl Energy Sci Technol 6:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  243. 243.
    Bai Z-Q, Li Z-J, Wang C-Z, Yuan L-Y, Liu Z-R, Zhang J, Zheng L-R, Zhao Y-L, Chai Z-F, Shi W-Q (2014) Interactions between Th (IV) and graphene oxide: experimental and density functional theoretical investigations. RSC Adv 4:3340–3347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  244. 244.
    Zhao G, Wen T, Yang X, Yang S, Liao J, Hu J, Shao D, Wang X (2012) Preconcentration of U (VI) ions on few-layered graphene oxide nanosheets from aqueous solutions. Dalton Trans 41:6182–6188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  245. 245.
    Zong P, Wang S, Zhao Y, Wang H, Pan H, He C (2013) Synthesis and application of magnetic graphene/iron oxides composite for the removal of U (VI) from aqueous solutions. Chem Eng J 220:45–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  246. 246.
    Cheng H, Zeng K, Yu J (2013) Adsorption of uranium from aqueous solution by graphene oxide nanosheets supported on sepiolite. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 298:599–603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  247. 247.
    Tan L, Wang J, Liu Q, Sun Y, Jing X, Liu L, Liu J, Song D (2015) The synthesis of a manganese dioxide–iron oxide–graphene magnetic nanocomposite for enhanced uranium (VI) removal. New J Chem 39:868–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  248. 248.
    Song W, Wang X, Wang Q, Shao D, Wang X (2015) Plasma-induced grafting of polyacrylamide on graphene oxide nanosheets for simultaneous removal of radionuclides. Phys Chem Chem Phys 17:398–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  249. 249.
    Ai L, Zhang C, Chen Z (2011) Removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution by a solvothermal-synthesized graphene/magnetite composite. J Hazard Mater 192:1515–1524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  250. 250.
    Lingamdinne LP, Choi Y-L, Kim I-S, Yang J-K, Koduru JR, Chang Y-Y (2017) Preparation and characterization of porous reduced graphene oxide based inverse spinel nickel ferrite nanocomposite for adsorption removal of radionuclides. J Hazard Mater 326:145–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  251. 251.
    Chen S, Hong J, Yang H, Yang J (2013) Adsorption of uranium (VI) from aqueous solution using a novel graphene oxide-activated carbon felt composite. J Environ Radioact 126:253–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  252. 252.
    Arvand M, Pakseresht MA (2013) Cadmium adsorption on modified chitosan-coated bentonite: batch experimental studies. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 88:572–578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  253. 253.
    He K, Chen Y, Tang Z, Hu Y (2016) Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution by zeolite synthesized from fly ash. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:2778–2788CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  254. 254.
    Raftari H, Moazami H, Ganjidoust H, Ayati B (2011) Effects of natural adsorbents on copper and lead removal. Environ Sci 8:97–108Google Scholar
  255. 255.
    Sharma A, Bhattacharyya KG (2005) Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder as a biosorbent for removal of Cd (II) from aqueous medium. J Hazard Mater 125:102–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  256. 256.
    Ahmad S, Ali A, Ashfaq A (2016) Removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous metal solution using roasted China clay. Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci 5:171–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  257. 257.
    Nagpal G, Bhattacharya A, Singh NB (2016) Removal of chromium(VI) from aqueous solution by carbon waste from thermal power plant. Desalin Water Treat 57:9765–9775CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  258. 258.
    Jalali M, Aboulghazi F (2013) Sunflower stalk, an agricultural waste, as an adsorbent for the removal of lead and cadmium from aqueous solutions. J Mater Cycles Waste Manag 15:548–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  259. 259.
    Bhattacharyya KG, Sharma A (2004) Adsorption of Pb (II) from aqueous solution by Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder. J Hazard Mater 113:97–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  260. 260.
    Amarasinghe B, Williams R (2007) Tea waste as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of Cu and Pb from wastewater. Chem Eng J 132:299–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  261. 261.
    Iqbal M, Saeed A, Kalim I (2009) Characterization of adsorptive capacity and investigation of mechanism of Cu2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+ adsorption on mango peel waste from constituted metal solution and genuine electroplating effluent. Sep Sci Technol 44:3770–3791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  262. 262.
    Nagpal G, Bhattacharya A, Singh NB (2016) Cu(II) ion removal from aqueous solution using different adsorbents. Desalin Water Treat 57:9789–9798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  263. 263.
    Hannachi Y, Shapovalov NA, Hannachi A (2010) Adsorption of nickel from aqueous solution by the use of low-cost adsorbents. Korean J Chem Eng 27:152–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  264. 264.
    Popuri SR, Vijaya Y, Boddu VM, Abburi K (2009) Adsorptive removal of copper and nickel ions from water using chitosan coated PVC beads. Bioresour Technol 100:194–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  265. 265.
    Jaafarzadeh N, Mengelizadeh N, Hormozinejad M (2014) Adsorption of Zn (II) from aqueous solution by using chitin extracted from shrimp shells. Jentashapir J Health Res 5:131–139Google Scholar
  266. 266.
    Arshad M, Zafar MN, Younis S, Nadeem R (2008) The use of Neem biomass for the biosorption of zinc from aqueous solutions. J Hazard Mater 157:534–540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  267. 267.
    Namasivayam C, Kavitha D (2002) Removal of Congo red from water by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from coir pith, an agricultural solid waste. Dyes Pigments 54:47–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  268. 268.
    Zahir A, Aslam Z, Kamal MS, Ahmad W, Abbas A, Shawabkeh RA (2017) Development of novel cross-linked chitosan for the removal of anionic Congo red dye. J Mol Liq 244:211–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  269. 269.
    Ashfaq A, Kaifiyan M (2016) Simultaneous biosorption of Iron (II) and zinc (II) onto Fly ash from aqueous solutions. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci 5:117–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  270. 270.
    Tor A, Cengeloglu Y (2006) Removal of Congo red from aqueous solution by adsorption onto acid activated red mud. J Hazard Mater 138:409–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  271. 271.
    Bartczak P, Norman M, Klapiszewski Ł, Karwańska N, Kawalec M, Baczyńska M, Wysokowski M, Zdarta J, Ciesielczyk F, Jesionowski T (2015) Removal of nickel (II) and lead (II) ions from aqueous solution using peat as a low-cost adsorbent: a kinetic and equilibrium study. Arab J Chem 11:1209–1222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  272. 272.
    Singh P, Shandilya P, Raizada P, Sudhaik A, Rahmani-Sani A, Hosseini-Bandegharaei A (2018) Review on various strategies for enhancing photocatalytic activity of graphene based nanocomposites for water purification. Arab J Chem (In press)Google Scholar
  273. 273.
    Justino CIL, Gomes AR, Freitas AC, Duarte AC, Rocha-Santos TAP (2017) Graphene based sensors and biosensors. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 91:53–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  274. 274.
    Kang S, Pinault M, Pfefferle LD, Elimelech M (2007) Single-walled carbon nanotubes exhibit strong antimicrobial activity. Langmuir 23:8670–8673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  275. 275.
    Dizaj SM, Mennati A, Jafari S, Khezri K, Adibkia K (2015) Antimicrobial activity of carbon-based nanoparticles. Adv Pharm Bull 5:19Google Scholar
  276. 276.
    Liga MV, Bryant EL, Colvin VL, Li Q (2011) Virus inactivation by silver doped titanium dioxide nanoparticles for drinking water treatment. Water Res 45:535–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  277. 277.
    Durán N, Durán M, de Jesus MB, Seabra AB, Fávaro WJ, Nakazato G (2016) Silver nanoparticles: a new view on mechanistic aspects on antimicrobial activity. Nanomedicine 12:789–799CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  278. 278.
    Ahmed F, Santos CM, Vergara RAMV, Tria MCR, Advincula R, Rodrigues DF (2012) Antimicrobial applications of electroactive PVK-SWNT nanocomposites. Environ Sci Technol 46:1804–1810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  279. 279.
    Xia X, Li Y, Zhou Z, Feng C (2010) Bioavailability of adsorbed phenanthrene by black carbon and multi-walled carbon nanotubes to agrobacterium. Chemosphere 78:1329–1336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  280. 280.
    Lottermoser BG (2015) Rare earth elements in Australian uranium deposits. In: MerkelAlireza Arab BJ (ed) Uranium-past and future challenges. Springer, Cham, pp 25–30Google Scholar
  281. 281.
    Sarkar B, Mandal S, Tsang YF, Kumar P, Kim K-H, Ok YS (2018) Designer carbon nanotubes for contaminant removal in water and wastewater: a critical review. Sci Total Environ 612:561–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  282. 282.
    Jalvo B, Faraldos M, Bahamonde A, Rosal R (2017) Antimicrobial and antibiofilm efficacy of self-cleaning surfaces functionalized by TiO2 photocatalytic nanoparticles against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas putida. J Hazard Mater 340:160–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  283. 283.
    Haider AJ, Al-Anbari RH, Kadhim GR, Salame CT (2017) Exploring potential environmental applications of TiO2 nanoparticles. Energy Procedia 119:332–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  284. 284.
    André RS, Zamperini CA, Mima EG, Longo VM, Albuquerque AR, Sambrano JR, Machado AL, Vergani CE, Hernandes AC, Varela JA, Longo E (2015) Antimicrobial activity of TiO2:Ag nanocrystalline heterostructures: experimental and theoretical insights. Chem Phys 459:87–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  285. 285.
    Ren T, Wang Y, Yu Q, Li M (2019) Synthesis of antimicrobial peptide-grafted graphene oxide nanosheets with high antimicrobial efficacy. Mater Lett 235:42–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  286. 286.
    Gc JB, Pokhrel R, Bhattarai N, Johnson KA, Gerstman BS, Stahelin RV, Chapagain PP (2017) Graphene-VP40 interactions and potential disruption of the Ebola virus matrix filaments. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 493:176–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  287. 287.
    Chen J, Peng H, Wang X, Shao F, Yuan Z, Han H (2014) Graphene oxide exhibits broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against bacterial phytopathogens and fungal conidia by intertwining and membrane perturbation. Nanoscale 6:1879–1889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  288. 288.
    Ahmed MB, Zhou JL, Ngo HH, Guo W (2015) Adsorptive removal of antibiotics from water and wastewater: progress and challenges. Sci Total Environ 532:112–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  289. 289.
    Michael I, Rizzo L, McArdell C, Manaia C, Merlin C, Schwartz T, Dagot C, Fatta-Kassinos D (2013) Urban wastewater treatment plants as hotspots for the release of antibiotics in the environment: a review. Water Res 47:957–995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  290. 290.
    Rizzo L, Manaia C, Merlin C, Schwartz T, Dagot C, Ploy M, Michael I, Fatta-Kassinos D (2013) Urban wastewater treatment plants as hotspots for antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes spread into the environment: a review. Sci Total Environ 447:345–360CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  291. 291.
    Zhang Q-Q, Ying G-G, Pan C-G, Liu Y-S, Zhao J-L (2015) Comprehensive evaluation of antibiotics emission and fate in the river basins of China: source analysis, multimedia modeling, and linkage to bacterial resistance. Environ Sci Technol 49:6772–6782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  292. 292.
    Qiao M, Ying G-G, Singer AC, Zhu Y-G (2018) Review of antibiotic resistance in China and its environment. Environ Int 110:160–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  293. 293.
    Peng J, Wu E, Wang N, Quan X, Sun M, Hu Q (2019) Removal of sulfonamide antibiotics from water by adsorption and persulfate oxidation process. J Mol Liq 274:632–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  294. 294.
    Lu F, Astruc D (2018) Nanomaterials for removal of toxic elements from water. Coord Chem Rev 356:147–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barış Şimşek
    • 1
    Email author
  • İnci Sevgili
    • 1
    • 2
  • Özge Bildi Ceran
    • 1
  • Haluk Korucu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringÇankırı Karatekin UniversityÇankırıTurkey
  2. 2.Çankırı MunicipalitiesWater and Service AssociationÇankırıTurkey

Personalised recommendations