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Comparative Analysis of Water Quality of Different Types of Feed Water in Solar Energy Based Desalting System

  • Arunkumar Thirugnanasambantham
  • Jiaqiang WangEmail author
  • David Denkenberger
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, desalinated water quality analyses from various solar stills are examined. Many authors have performed experiments in solar stills along with the testing of physical and chemical water quality examinations for feed water and desalinated water. This was performed on different types of feed water, namely, ocean water, bore well water, water from lakes, tap water, and synthetic water from the laboratory are investigated. This research is important to understand solar still performance for a variety of different water types. Based on the investigation, the potential of hydrogen (pH) and total dissolved solids (TDS) value (before and after treatment) of the synthetic water, brackish water, groundwater, lake water, and seawater are improved and is compliant with WHO-2017 and BIS-2010 water quality standards. Water quality results of dissolved macro minerals (before and after treatment) in the water are discussed and useful conclusions are drawn.

Keywords

Solar still Desalination Water quality 

Abbreviations

AT

After treatment

BIS

Bureau of Indian Standards

BT

Before treatment

DSSS

Double slope solar still

EC

Electrical conductivity, μS/cm

ETU

Ethylene thiourea unit

NTU

Nephelometric turbidity unit

PCM

Phase change material

SSSS

Single slope solar still

TCU

True color units

TDS

Total dissolved solids, ppm

The EPA

United States Environmental Protection Agency

TWAD

Tamilnadu Water Supply and Drainage

WHO

World Health Organization

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank all the researchers and their contributions which were cited in this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arunkumar Thirugnanasambantham
    • 1
  • Jiaqiang Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • David Denkenberger
    • 2
  1. 1.National Center for International Research on Photoelectric and Energy Materials, Yunnan Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center of Green Chemistry for Lignite Energy, Yunnan Province Engineering Research Center of Photocatalytic Treatment of Industrial Wastewater, The Universities’ Center for Photocatalytic Treatment of Pollutants in Yunnan Province, School of Chemical Sciences and TechnologyYunnan UniversityKunmingChina
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering and the Alaska Center for Energy and PowerUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA

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