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Kognition

  • Arnold Lohaus
  • Marc Vierhaus
Chapter
Part of the Springer-Lehrbuch book series (SLB)

Zusammenfassung

Die Fülle der Informationen, mit denen Kinder von Beginn an konfrontiert sind, erfordert kognitive Kompetenzen, um sie zu ordnen und angemessene Schlussfolgerungen daraus zu ziehen. In diesem Kapitel wird deutlich, dass von Anfang an verschiedene Lernformen zur Verfügung stehen, um sich Wissen anzueignen. Von besonderer Bedeutung sind dabei Kategorisierungsleistungen, um Ordnung in die vorhandene Informationsfülle zu bringen. Mit den Fähigkeiten zu kausalem und schlussfolgerndem Denken ist es möglich, Vorhersagen abzuleiten und damit zukünftige Ereignisse zu antizipieren. Unterstützt werden diese Prozesse durch metakognitive Kompetenzen, die es erlauben, Denk- und Gedächtnisprozesse zu steuern und zu kontrollieren. Abschließend wird in diesem Kapitel auf individuelle Unterschiede hinsichtlich kognitiver Kompetenzen eingegangen.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arnold Lohaus
    • 1
  • Marc Vierhaus
    • 2
  1. 1.Fakultät für Psychologie und SportwissenschaftUniversität BielefeldBielefeldDeutschland
  2. 2.Bildungs- und Schulberatung, Kreis GüterslohGüterslohDeutschland

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