Diagnosis and Classification of Rotator Cuff Tears



Rotator cuff pathology is the most common condition affecting the shoulder. The clinical results of rotator cuff repair in symptomatic patients are good to excellent in a high percentage of cases. These observations underline the weight of diagnosing this pathology correctly. Although many classification systems have been used to describe rotator cuff tears in the orthopedic literature, there is a lack of a current standard classification that includes all the types of rotator cuff tears, the characteristics of the tears and is being used universally. Possible factors contributing to this situation could be a poor interobserver agreement, inaccuracy, incompleteness, or complexity. An improved evaluation of the rotator cuff tears, the advances in imaging methods, and the advent of arthroscopy, in particular, have provided better opportunities to understand and treat these lesions. This paper describes (1) a comprehensive review of diagnostic methods for rotator cuff tears and (2) the ISAKOS rotator cuff tear classification system.


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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and TraumatologyIIS-Fundación Jiménez DíazMadridSpain
  2. 2.Universidad AutónomaMadridSpain
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryInstituto Argentino de Diagnóstico y TratamientoBuenos AiresArgentina

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