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Insertional Achilles Tendinopathy

  • Gian Luigi CanataEmail author
  • Valentina Casale
Chapter

Abstract

The term Achilles tendinopathy entails various debilitating pathologies which can be distinguished in insertional (at the calcaneus-Achilles tendon junction), pre-insertional, and non-insertional (2–6 cm proximal to the calcaneus-Achilles tendon junction).

Insertional Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse injury which affects the active population, especially running athletes. The problem results from repetitive stress to the tendon, but the predisposing factors can be intrinsic (i.e., foot hyperpronation, pes cavus, leg length discrepancy, limited mobility of the subtalar joint, age, obesity, use of steroids and estrogens) or extrinsic (i.e., changes in training pattern, running on not appropriate surfaces).

Conservative options including rest or immobilization, stretching exercises, extracorporeal shock wave therapy, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and orthotics may provide pain relief. However, surgical treatment is advisable if patients do not respond to conservative management and must address the specific pathology.

Keywords

Insertional Achilles Tendinopathy Achilles tendon disorders Haglund’s syndrome Tendinous calcifications Achilles tendon debridement 

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Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Sports Traumatology, Koelliker HospitalTorinoItaly

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