Advertisement

How to Write a Scientific Article

  • Lukas B. Moser
  • Michael T. HirschmannEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter aims to give guidance for young trainees aiming to publish their first scientific article. It is our purpose to guide you through the process of writing a scientific article in a case-based approach. After reading the chapter, the reader should have a readily available guide to use for writing such articles and enjoy the process of scientific writing. Case examples should further illustrate the common pitfalls of scientific writing. In addition, these should help the reader to develop an appreciation for discerning both good and bad scientific writing.

Keywords

Scientific writing Instruction Article Research Paper 

References

  1. 1.
    Cals JW, Kotz D. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part II: title and abstract. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013;66:585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cals JW, Kotz D. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part III: introduction. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013;66:702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cals JW, Kotz D. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VI: discussion. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013;66:1064.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cals JW, Kotz D. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VIII: references. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013;66:1198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guller U, Oertli D. Sample size matters: a guide for surgeons. World J Surg. 2005;29:601–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harris JD, Brand JC, Cote MP, Faucett SC, Dhawan A. Research pearls: the significance of statistics and perils of pooling. Part 1: clinical versus statistical significance. Arthroscopy. 2017;33:1102–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hassink G, Testa EA, Leumann A, Hugle T, Rasch H, Hirschmann MT. Intra- and inter-observer reliability of a new standardized diagnostic method using SPECT/CT in patients with osteochondral lesions of the ankle joint. BMC Med Imaging. 2016;16:67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kotz D, Cals JW. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers—part I: how to get started. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013;66:397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kotz D, Cals JW. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part IV: methods. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013;66:817.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kotz D, Cals JW. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part V: results. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013;66:945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kotz D, Cals JW. Effective writing and publishing scientific papers, part VII: tables and figures. J Clin Epidemiol. 2013;66:1197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lacroix JR. A key to scientific research literature. Can Med Assoc J. 1971;104:1080.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Letchford A, Moat HS, Preis T. The advantage of short paper titles. R Soc Open Sci. 2015;2:150266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mathis DT, Hirschmann A, Falkowski AL, Kiekara T, Amsler F, Rasch H, et al. Increased bone tracer uptake in symptomatic patients with ACL graft insufficiency: a correlation of MRI and SPECT/CT findings. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018;26(2):563–73.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-017-4588-5.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Mathis DT, Kaelin R, Rasch H, Arnold MP, Hirschmann MT. Good clinical results but moderate osseointegration and defect filling of a cell-free multi-layered nano-composite scaffold for treatment of osteochondral lesions of the knee. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018;26(4):1273–80.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-017-4638-z.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Peh WC, Ng KH. Basic structure and types of scientific papers. Singap Med J. 2008;49:522–5.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rickham PP. Human experimentation. Code of ethics of the World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki. Br Med J. 1964;2:177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rohrig B, du Prel JB, Wachtlin D, Blettner M. Types of study in medical research: part 3 of a series on evaluation of scientific publications. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2009;106:262–8.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Schulz KF, Altman DG, Moher D, CONSORT Group. CONSORT 2010 Statement: updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomized trials. Open Med. 2010;4:e60–8.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vitse CL, Poland GA. Writing a scientific paper—a brief guide for new investigators. Vaccine. 2017;35:722–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Watson PF, Petrie A. Method agreement analysis: a review of correct methodology. Theriogenology. 2010;73:1167–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ISAKOS 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and TraumatologyKantonsspital Baselland (Bruderholz, Liestal, Laufen)BruderholzSwitzerland
  2. 2.University of BaselBaselSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations