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Kognitive Dysfunktionen bei unipolarer Depression

  • Johanna KienzleEmail author
  • Lena Listunova
  • Marina Bartolovic
  • Daniela Roesch-Ely
Chapter
Part of the Psychotherapie: Manuale book series (PSMA)

Zusammenfassung

Neben den bekannten affektiven Symptomen (z. B. gedrückte Stimmung, Anhedonie) sind kognitive Störungen im Rahmen von unipolarer Depression vor allem in der akuten depressiven Phase bekannt, jedoch scheinen bei einem Teil der Erkrankten kognitive Störungen bis in die Remission zu persistieren. Auch im Rahmen einer unipolaren Depression können Einschränkungen in den Exekutivfunktionen, in verschiedenen Aufmerksamkeitsprozessen, in der Verarbeitungsgeschwindigkeit (Verlangsamung) sowie im Bereich Lernen und Gedächtnis auftreten, und zwar sowohl in akuten als auch in (teil-)remittierten Erkrankungsphasen. Dabei sind einige Teilleistungen möglicherweise stärker mit der akuten Erkrankungsphase assoziiert als andere. So scheinen z. B. Einschränkungen in der Verarbeitungsgeschwindigkeit stärker mit der Schwere der Depressivität verbunden zu sein als etwa Einschränkungen in den Exekutivfunktionen, welche eher zur Persistenz neigen, unabhängig vom Remissionsgrad. Wenige Untersuchungen gibt es bisher über den Zusammenhang mit der sozialen Kognition.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johanna Kienzle
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lena Listunova
    • 1
  • Marina Bartolovic
    • 1
  • Daniela Roesch-Ely
    • 1
  1. 1.Zentrum für Psychosoziale Medizin, Klinik für Allgemeine PsychiatrieUniversitätsklinikum HeidelbergHeidelbergDeutschland

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