Advertisement

Silica Supply and Diatom Blooms in Jiaozhou Bay

  • Zhiliang ShenEmail author
  • Yun Yao
  • Yulin Wu
Chapter
Part of the Springer Earth System Sciences book series (SPRINGEREARTH)

Abstract

The variations in nutrients (molar ratios) and chlorophyll-a in the Jiaozhou Bay were examined before and after a diatom bloom in a period that lasted from November 2003 to March 2004. Negative relationships between nutrient concentrations, Si/P, Si/N ratios, and chlorophyll-a content were found during the bloom, which reflected the relationship between nutrient concentrations, phytoplankton biomass, and growth. Large increase in nutrient concentrations, particularly SiO3–Si after the late autumn, is one of major reasons inducing the diatom bloom in winter, and the bloom was finally controlled due to SiO3–Si depletion by phytoplankton. The bloom was mainly controlled by SiO3–Si. Before 1998, relatively low level of SiO3–Si kept ecological balance of eutrophication waters in the Jiaozhou Bay. In recent years, however, human activities have increased SiO3–Si concentration, which is likely one of the primary causes for the increased diatom blooms in the Jiaozhou Bay. Therefore, it is necessary to control SiO3–Si concentration in the Jiaozhou Bay.

Keywords

Nutrient Phytoplankton Chlorophyll-a Blooms Si supply Jiaozhou Bay 

References

  1. Brown, E. J., & Button, D. K. (1979). Phosphate-limited growth kinetics of Selanastrum capricornatum (Chlorophyceae). Journal of Phycology, 15, 305–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brzezinski, M. A. (1985). The Si:C:N ratio of marine diatoms: Interspecific variability and the effect of some environmental variables. Journal of Phycology, 21, 347–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cloern, J. E. (1987). Turbidity as a control on phytoplankton biomass and productivity in estuaries. Continental Shelf Research, 7, 1367–1381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Conley, D. J., & Malone, T. C. (1992). Annual cycle of dissolved silicate in Chesapeake Bay: Implications for the production and fate of phytoplankton biomass. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 81, 121–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Correll, D. L., Jordan, T. E., & Weller, D. E. (2000). Beaver pond biogeochemical effects in the Maryland Coastal Plain. Biogeochemistry, 49, 217–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Domingues, R. B., Barbosa, A., & Galvao, H. (2005). Nutrients, light and phytoplankton succession in a temperate estuary (the Guadiana, south-western Iberia). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 64, 249–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Flynn, K. J. (2002). How critical is the critical N:P ratio? Journal of Phycology, 38, 961–970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goldman, J. C., & Glibert, P. M. (1983). Kinetics of inorganic nitrogen uptake by phytoplankton. In E. J. Carpenter & D. G. Capone (Eds.), Nitrogen in marine environments (pp. 233–274). New York: Academic press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hallegraeff, G. M. (1993). A review of harmful algal blooms and their apparent global increase. Phycologia, 32, 79–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hodgkiss, I. J., & Chan, B. S. S. (1987). Phytoplankton dynamics in Tolo Harbour. Asian Marine Biology, 4, 103–112.Google Scholar
  11. Hodgkiss, I. J., & Ho, K. C. (1997). Are changes in N:P ratios in coastal waters the key to increased red tide blooms? Hydrobiologia, 352, 141–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Humborg, C., Conley, D. J., Rahm, L., Wulff, F., Cociasu, A., & Ittekkot, V. (2000). Silicon retention in river basins: Far-reaching effects on biogeochemistry and aquatic food webs in coastal marine environments. Ambio, 29, 45–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Huo, W. Y., Yu, Z. M., Zou, J. Z., Song, X. X., & Hao, J. H. (2001). Outbreak of Skeletonema costatum red-tide and its relations to environmental factors in Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 32, 311–318. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  14. Liu, D. Y., Sun, J., Zou, J. Z., & Zhang, J. (2005). Phytoplankton succession during a red tide of Skeletonema costatum in Jiaozhou Bay of China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50, 91–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nelson, D. M., & Brzezinski, A. (1990). Kinetics of silicate acid uptake by natural diatom assemblages in two Gulf & Stream warm-core rings. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 62, 283–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Paerl, H. W. (1988). Nuisance phytoplankton blooms in coastal, estuarine and inland waters. Limnology and Oceanography, 33, 823–847.Google Scholar
  17. Paerl, H. W. (1997). Coastal eutrophication and harmful algal blooms: Importance of atmospheric deposition and groundwater as “new” nitrogen and other nutrient sources. Limnology and Oceanography, 42, 1154–1165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Perry, M. J., & Eppley, R. W. (1981). Phosphate uptake by phytoplankton in the central North Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Research, 28, 39–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Redfield, A. C., Ketchum, B. H., & Richards, F. A. (1963). The influence of organisms on the composition of seawater. In M. N. Hill (Ed.), The Sea (Vol. 2, pp. 26–77)., the composition of seawater New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  20. Reynolds, C. S. (1989). Physical determinants of phytoplankton succession. In U. Sommer (Ed.), Plankton Ecology (pp. 9–56). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Shen, Z. L. (2001). Historical changes in nutrient structure and its influences on phytoplankton composition in Jiaozhou Bay. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 52, 211–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Shen, Z. L., Liu, Q., Wu, Y. L., & Yao, Y. (2006). Nutrient structure of seawater and ecological responses in Jiaozhou Bay, China. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 69, 299–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Smayda, T. J. (1989). Primary production and the global epidemic of phytoplankton blooms in the sea: A linkage? In E. M. Cosper, V. M. Bricelj, & E. J. Carpenter (Eds.), Novel phytoplankton blooms (pp. 449–483). Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Smayda, T. J. (1990). Novel and nuisance phytoplankton blooms in the sea: Evidence for a global epidemic. In E. Graneli, B. Sundstrom, R. Edler, & D. M. Anderson (Eds.), Toxic Marine Phytoplankton (pp. 29–40). New York: Elsevier Science.Google Scholar
  25. Sun, X. X., Sun, S., Wu, Y. L., Zhang, Y. S., & Zheng, S. (2011a). Long-term changes of phytoplankton community structure in the Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 42, 639–646. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  26. Sun, X. X., Sun, S., Zhao, Z. X., & Shen, Z. L. (2011b). Long-term changes in nutrient concentration and structure in the Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 42, 662–669. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  27. Turner, R. E., Rabalais, N. N., Justic, D., & Dortch, Q. (2003). Future aquatic nutrient limitations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46, 1032–1034.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang, X. L., Li, K. Q., & Shi, X. Y. (2006). Marine environmental capacity of pollutants in Jiaozhou Bay (pp. 1–22). Beijing: Science Press.Google Scholar
  29. Wu, Y. L., Sun, S., Zhang, Y. S., & Zhang, F. (2004). Quantitative study on long-term variation of phytoplankton in Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 35, 518–523. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  30. Wu, Y. L., Sun, S., & Zhang, Y. S. (2005). Long-term change of environment and it’s influence on phytoplankton community structure in Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 36, 487–498. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  31. Yao, Y., & Shen, Z. L. (2006). Characteristic of nutrient and its structure in Jaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, Supplement, 339–347. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  32. Yao, Y., Zheng, S. Q., & Shen, Z. L. (2007). Study on the mechanism of eutrophication in the Jiaozhou Bay. Marine Science Bulletin, 26(4), 91–98. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  33. Yin, K. D., Qian, P. Y., Wu, M. C. S., Chen, J. C., Huang, L., Song, X., et al. (2001). Shift from P to N limitation of phytoplankton growth across the Pearl river estuarine plume during summer. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 221, 17–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang, Y. S., Wu, Y. L., Zou, J. Z., Yu, Z. M., & Pu, X. M. (2002). A red tide caused by diatom Eucampia zodiacus in the Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 33, 55–61. (in Chinese with English abstract).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhao, L., Wei, H., & Zhao, J. Z. (2002). Numerical study on water exchange in Jiaozttou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 33, 23–29. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  36. Zhou, M. J., Yan, T., & Zou, J. Z. (2003). Preliminary analysis of the characteristics of red tide areas in Changjiang River estuary and its adjacent sea. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 14, 1031–1038. (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  37. Zhou, M. J., Shen, Z. L., & Yu, R. C. (2008). Response of a coastal phytoplankton community to the increased of nutrient input from the Changjiang (Yangtze) River. Continental Shelf Research, 28, 1483–1489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental SciencesInstitute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of SciencesQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Research Center for the Computer and Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations