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Schlaf von Athletinnen und Athleten

  • Daniel Erlacher
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

In diesem Kapitel soll das Schlafverhalten von Athletinnen und Athleten in den verschiedenen Sportarten näher betrachtet werden. Das Schlafverhalten wurde in der Sportpraxis überwiegend durch die Aktigraphie erhoben. Die methodischen Besonderheiten der Aktigraphie (z. B. Unter-/Überschätzung von Wachzeiten) werden deshalb gesondert diskutiert. Anschließend sollen die Begriffe Schläfrigkeit, Müdigkeit und Erschöpfbarkeit im Kontext der Schlafmedizin und Sportpraxis differenziert betrachtet werden. Die Schlafdauer und Schlafqualität scheint durch die Anforderungen der einzelnen Sportarten beeinflusst – vor allem die geringen Schlafzeiten in trainingsintensiven Individualsportarten überrascht. Verschiedene Trainingsfaktoren interferieren dabei mit dem Schlafverhalten, wodurch sich einige konkrete Empfehlung für die Sportpraxis ableiten lassen.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Erlacher
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für SportwissenschaftUniversity of Bern Institut für SportwissenschaftBernSchweiz

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