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Die Rolle von Dimethylether (DME) als Schlüsselbaustein synthetischer Kraftstoffe aus erneuerbaren Rohstoffen

  • Ulrich ArnoldEmail author
  • Philipp Haltenort
  • Karla Herrera Delgado
  • Benjamin Niethammer
  • Jörg Sauer
Chapter
Part of the ATZ/MTZ-Fachbuch book series (ATZMTZ)

Zusammenfassung

Zur Herstellung alternativer Kraftstoffe aus erneuerbaren Rohstoffen steht eine Reihe von Verfahren zur Verfügung und mehrere solcher Kraftstoffe haben sich schon lange am Markt etabliert [1]. Bedeutende Beispiele für diese Biokraftstoffe der ersten Generation sind Ethanol, das fermentativ aus Stärke bzw. Zuckern gewonnen wird [2], Biodiesel, aus der Umesterung von Fettsäureestern mit Methanol (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, FAME) [3], oder hydrierte Pflanzenöle (Hydrogenated Vegetable Oils, HVO) [4]. Durch den Einsatz solcher Kraftstoffe können, im Vergleich zu konventionellen Kraftstoffen aus fossilen Quellen, CO2-Emissionen deutlich reduziert werden. Voraussetzung ist eine nachhaltige Produktion über die ganze Prozesskette hinweg, von den Einsatzstoffen bis hin zum Kraftstoff. Dies impliziert nicht nur die Verwendung erneuerbarer Rohstoffe, die nicht in Konkurrenz zu etablierten Märkten, z. B. zum Nahrungsmittelsektor stehen, sondern auch den Einsatz regenerativer Energien.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Arnold
    • 1
    Email author
  • Philipp Haltenort
    • 1
  • Karla Herrera Delgado
    • 1
  • Benjamin Niethammer
    • 1
  • Jörg Sauer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Katalyseforschung und -technologie (IKFT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenDeutschland

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