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Talentauswahl und -entwicklung im Sport

  • Oliver HönerEmail author
  • Paul Larkin
  • Thorsten Leber
  • Philip Feichtinger
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Nachhaltiger Erfolg von Sportverbänden und -vereinen basiert auf einer adäquaten Talentförderung. Aufbauend auf grundlegenden Definitionen (Begabung, Expertise, Talent) werden Herangehensweisen der Talentforschung und Rahmenmodelle der Begabungs- und Expertiseforschung vorgestellt. Im Hauptteil werden sportpsychologische Merkmale wie kognitive Leistungsfaktoren (z. B. Entscheidungskompetenz) und persönlichkeitsbezogene Faktoren (z. B. Leistungsmotivation) im Hinblick auf die Auswahl und Entwicklung von Talenten betrachtet. Dies begründet eine stärkere Einbeziehung psychologischer Testverfahren und Interventionsansätze bei der Talentförderung. Allerdings sollten aufgrund begrenzter Effektgrößen bei der Prognose zukünftiger Leistungsfähigkeit sportpsychologische Merkmale nicht (alleinig) zur Talentselektion genutzt werden. Der Wert sportpsychologischer Diagnostik besteht im Monitoring relevanter Merkmale, um Förderpotenziale identifizieren und die Talententwicklung fundieren zu können.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver Höner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paul Larkin
    • 2
  • Thorsten Leber
    • 1
  • Philip Feichtinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für SportwissenschaftEberhard-Karls-Universität TübingenTübingenDeutschland
  2. 2.Institute of Sport, Exercise & Active Living (ISEAL)Victoria UniversityMelbourneAustralien

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