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Wahrnehmung und Aufmerksamkeit im Sport

  • Daniel MemmertEmail author
  • Stefanie Klatt
  • Carina Kreitz
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Wahrnehmung und Aufmerksamkeit sind eng miteinander verknüpfte Prozesse. Wahrnehmungsprozesse umfassen die Aufnahme und Verarbeitung von Informationen über die verschiedenen Sinneskanäle. Aufmerksamkeitsprozesse hingegen priorisieren bestimmte Wahrnehmungsinhalte, indem sie einige Informationen selektiv verstärken und andere schwächen. Dies ist essenziell, da unsere (zumindest bewusste) Verarbeitungskapazität deutlich eingeschränkt ist. In diesem Kapitel werden grundlagentheoretische Modelle der Wahrnehmungs- und Aufmerksamkeitsforschung vorgestellt und auf den Sport übertragen. Außerdem erfolgen eine Darstellung der relevanten sportspezifischen Forschung sowie eine Diskussion der Trainierbarkeit von Kognitionen. Ein umfassendes Verständnis und eine gezielte Förderung oder Lenkung von Wahrnehmungs- und Aufmerksamkeitsprozessen sind gerade bei Sportarten, die in komplexen Umgebungen stattfinden (z. B. in den Ball- und Mannschaftssportarten), entscheidende Bausteine.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Trainingswissenschaft und SportinformatikDeutsche Sporthochschule KölnKölnDeutschland

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