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Soziale Einflüsse durch Zuschauende im Sport

  • Bernd StraußEmail author
  • Kathrin Staufenbiel
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

Wie Menschen durch die Anwesenheit anderer in Verhalten und Leistung beeinflusst werden, wird bereits mehr als 100 Jahre lang erforscht und gehört zu den wichtigsten sozialpsychologischen Fragestellungen im Sport. Dieses Kapitel stellt die Forschung zu sozialen Einflüssen durch Zuschauende dar. Es werden unterschiedliche Arten sozialer Einflussnahme beschrieben und Modelle zur Erklärung sozialer Einflüsse dargestellt. Neben Forschung zur bloßen Anwesenheit von Zuschauenden stellt das Kapitel auch Forschung zu aktiven Verhaltensweisen von Zuschauenden dar. Dies wird insbesondere im Zusammenhang mit dem Heimvorteil im Sport erforscht, da die höhere Siegeswahrscheinlichkeit von Heimmannschaften häufig den zahlenmäßig überlegenen Fans im eigenen Stadion zugeschrieben wird. Forschungsergebnisse stellen dies jedoch infrage.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für SportwissenschaftUniversität MünsterMünsterDeutschland
  2. 2.WiesbadenDeutschland

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