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Epilepsien

  • J. GeithnerEmail author
  • F. von PodewilsEmail author
  • A. StrzelczykEmail author
  • E.-L. von RüdenEmail author

Zusammenfassung

Epileptische Anfälle sind ein häufiges klinisches Phänomen, und die Lebenszeitprävalenz beträgt bis zu 5%. Die Diagnose einer Epilepsie wird bei dauerhafter Neigung zur Entwicklung epileptischer Anfälle gestellt und zieht die Behandlung mit Antikonvulsiva nach sich. In diesem Kapitel werden die Einteilung in die häufigen Epilepsiesyndrome, die Diagnostik mittels Elektroenzephalographie und Magnetresonanztomographie, die Wirkungsweise von Antikonvulsiva sowie der Status epilepticus vorgestellt. Letzteres ist ein klinischer Notfall, da ab einer Dauer von 5 Minuten die Wahrscheinlichkeit für ein spontanes Sistieren der Anfälle sinkt.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Deutsche Gesellschaft für EpileptologieBerlinDeutschland
  2. 2.Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurologie, EpilepsiezentrumUniversitätsmedizin GreifswaldGreifswaldDeutschland
  3. 3.Epilepsiezentrum Frankfurt Rhein-MainUniversitätsklinikum FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainDeutschland
  4. 4.Inst. für Pharmakologie, Toxikologie und PharmazieLudwig-Maximilians-Universität MünchenMünchenDeutschland

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