Muscle Dysfunction After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture and Reconstruction: Implications for Successful Recovery

  • Ryan A. Mlynarek
  • M. Tyrrell Burrus
  • Asheesh Bedi


Lower extremity kinetic chain neuromuscular control and kinematics are of utmost importance of consideration to both prevent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and rehabilitate athletes after ACL reconstruction. This chapter investigates the associated muscle dysfunction experienced in the lower limb after ACL injury and reconstruction. In addition, the most recent literature is presented regarding the importance of proper lower limb objective evaluation before return to sports following ACL injury and reconstruction.


Muscle dysfunction ACL injury Return sports Objective evaluation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan A. Mlynarek
    • 1
  • M. Tyrrell Burrus
    • 2
  • Asheesh Bedi
    • 3
  1. 1.Sports Medicine and Shoulder ServiceHospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.MedSport, Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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