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Theory of Atom Scattering from Surface Phonons: Basic Concepts and Temperature Effects

  • Giorgio BenedekEmail author
  • Jan Peter Toennies
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 63)

Abstract

The reflection coefficient determining the inelastic scattered intensity is defined and analysed theoretically. Various approximations including the Born approximation, the Distorted-Wave Born approximation (DWBA), the GR method and the eikonal approximation are discussed and illustrated with examples. From an expression for the DWBA inelastic reflection coefficient for n-phonon processes, factors determining the relative role of temperature for multiphonon processes and one-phonon scattering are analysed. Several approximate expressions for the Debye-Waller factor are derived and used to define experimental criteria favouring one-phonon scattering. Most of the examples dealt with are for insulator surfaces. Chapter  8 then describes the scattering theory for metal and semiconductor surfaces.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università di Milano-BicoccaMilanItaly
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-OrganizationGöttingenGermany
  3. 3.Donostia International Physics CenterDonostia/San SebastianSpain

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